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Galatz

Tactical rifle

Galatz

The Galatz designated marksman rifle evolved from Galil assault rifle

 
 
Caliber 7.62x51 mm NATO
Weight (empty) 6 kg
Weight (loaded) 8 kg
Length 1 115 mm
Length (with folded stock) 845 mm
Barrel length 508 mm
Muzzle velocity 850 m/s
Magazine capacity 12, 20, or 25 rounds
Sighting range ?
Range of effective fire 600 m

 

   Introduced into the IDF in 1983, the IMI Galatz is an Israeli tactical rifle derived from the Galil AR assault rifle. The name is a contraction of "Galil Tzalafim", meaning "Galil Sniper" (another common name for this weapon). As with weapons such as the M21 and SVD, the Galatz is not a sniper rifle in the purest sense, but rather a designated marksman rifle. It is designed to be issued to a designated marksman in a rifle squad, in order to extend the overall range, firepower, and accuracy of that formation, as opposed to traditional sniping missions.

   The Galatz is a self-loading rifle employing the same action as the Galil AR; gas operation with a rotating bolt. However, it is not a selective fire weapon, and is only capable of semi-automatic fire. The magazine well accepts the same 12 or 25 round detachable box magazines designed for the Galil AR.

   Though the IDF only adopted Galil variants chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO, the Galatz was chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO. Specialized match grade ammunition may be used to increase accuracy or special missions, as machine gun grade ammunition is comparatively very poor in quality.

   The Galatz replaces the Galil AR's barrel with a heavy "match" design for increased accuracy and stability. The muzzle is threaded and fitted with a silencer, but a combined flash hider and muzzle brake is usually fitted instead. Though more accurate than the Galil AR at 1.5 MOA with match grade ammunition, it is appreciably lower than the M21 (at 1 MOA). Lackluster accuracy was considered an acceptable compromise, in light of the ruggedness and reliability of this weapon.

   The scope mount is mounted to the side of the receiver rather than the top, with the scope rings positioned above and to the left of the receiver. This allows the iron sights to be used without removing the scope, which is impossible on many weapons in this class. Another reason is that the high front post of the iron sights would interfere with a telescope overhanging the receiver. The rings are designed especially for the Nimrod 6x40 telescopic sight, which has a 6x magnification.

   The original skeleton buttstock from the Galil AR is replaced by a wooden folding buttstock, with an adjustable pull and cheekpiece. The new stock folds only for the purpose of making the weapon more compact, as it blocks the trigger group when folded. The original shape of the pistol grip is retained, though the Galatz its made of plastic, with a rubber coating. The wooden foregrip is a new and simpler, more rectangular design. A Harris bipod with an adjustable height is fitted, and though not the same model of bipod used on the Galil, it nonetheless retains the famous wire cutters and bottle opener of the original bipod. Unlike the ubiquitous SVD, the Galatz lacks a bayonet lug.

   The carrying case for the Galatz holds the weapon on its right side, and has compartments for two 25-round magazines, a cleaning kit, and a container for anti-glare polish for the scope lenses.

   The only known military users of the Galatz are Indonesia and Israel, and it is likely used by Israeli law enforcement organizations as well.

 

Variants

 

    SR-99 has a more modern synthetic furniture and some other improvements.

 

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