9x18 mm Makarov
~ 50 m
Range of effective fire
up to 50 m
The Fort 12
is a Ukrainian pistol. It was developed by a state-owned Fort
company to replace the ageing
pistol. Development was completed in the mid 1990s. First
pistols were produced in 1995. The Fort 12 was adopted by Ukrainian
law enforcement forces. However it could not replace the PM and only
supplements it. It has been exported to Uzbekistan.
The Fort 12 has a number of
improvements comparing with the PM
pistol. It has superior accuracy, larger magazine capacity and
better ergonomics. Some sources report that early production pistols
had reliability issues. However most of the problems were fixed
The Fort 12
is chambered for the Soviet 9x18 mm Makarov round. Basically it is a
larger version of the 9x17 mm (.380 ACP) round. Soviets deliberately
opted for ammunition that is not compatible with any Western 9 mm
pistols. So in case of war captured soviet ammunition stocks would
be useless. The 9x18 mm round became the standard pistol and
submachine gun round in the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact countries,
as soviets required their allies to use the same ammunition.
Comparing with Western 9x19 mm Parabellum round, the Makarov round
is less powerful and also looses in terms of penetration.
production of this pistol the Fort company obtained Czech machinery
from Ceska Zbrojovka factory. So there is some similarity with the Czech
CZ-75 pistol, especially on early production models. The Fort 12 has a simple blowback-operated action. This pistol has a
double-action type trigger. There is a manual safety lever, mounted
on the left side of the slide.
The Fort 12
is fed from a double stack 12-round capacity magazines.
range is up to 50 meters.
can be fitted with detachable silencer (Fort 12B), tactical
flashlight or laser pointer.
It was specially developed to meet requirements of the Ukrainian
security and police forces. Originally the Fort 14 was planned as a
more powerful version of the Fort 12, chambered for 9x19 mm
Parabellum ammunition. However later the designers switched back to
9x18 mm ammunition. It has a longer barrel and improved accuracy,
comparing with the Fort 12. Magazine holds 14 rounds. Fist
production Fort 14 pistols were delivered to Ukrainian police units
Fort 17. It
is one of the latest developments. Basically it is a polymer-framed
version of the Fort 12. All of its mechanisms are nearly identical.
However the Fort 17 is lighter. Also it has a removable grip
backstrap. Backstraps in various sizes are available. So a
particular shooter might tailor the grip for himself.