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Assault rifle


The FN FNC assault rifle evolved from commercially unsuccessful FN CAL

Caliber 5.56x45 mm
Weight (empty) 3.84 kg
Length 997 mm
Length (with folded stock) 766 mm
Barrel length 449 mm
Muzzle velocity 925 - 965 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 625 - 750 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 400 m
Range of effective fire 450 m


   The Fabrique Nationale Carbine or FNC was designed in Belgium by Fabrique Nationale (FN) during 1975-1977. It evolved from a commercially unsuccessful FN CAL assault rifle, that had no significant sales. Production of the FNC began in 1979. This assault rifle had some export success. It has been exported to Congo, Indonesia, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Tonga, and Venezuela. It was adopted by Belgian armed forces only in 1989 and replaced a venerable FN FAL. Production ceased in 1999. Its modified versions were license-produced in Indonesia and Sweden.

   FN tried to design an inexpensive and not too complex weapon that would be competitive on the market. Expensive precision-machined parts were replaced by less expensive castings and stampings where possible.

   The FN went with a global trend and designed a weapon chambered for a smaller caliber ammunition. The FNC is chambered for a standard NATO 5.56x45 mm round.

   It is a gas-operated weapon. Overall its operating mechanism strongly resembles that of Kalashnikov assault rifle, but it was adapted to more advanced production methods and is made of more sophisticated materials. Also it has some features of the M16 and some other designs. It has been reported that the FN FNC is very reliable.

   This assault rifle has a three-round selector system, which allows the weapon to fire a three-round burst with each trigger pull. Also the FNC can fire in semi-auto and full-auto modes.

   The FNC is fed from 30-round steel magazines. This assault rifle is compatible with all standard NATO 5.56 mm magazines.

   Weapon has a side-folding stock. It is made of steel and is covered with plastic. When folded it does not obstructs the trigger. A solid non-foldable plastic stock was proposed as an option.

   Iron sights have adjustment for 250 or 400 meters. However the FN FNC can be also used on longer ranges. This weapon can be fitted with various optics, but requires an adapter.

   The FNC can be fitted with bayonet or bipod. This weapon can launch rifle grenades.




   FN FNC standard assault rifle. In Belgian service it is referred as FN FNC M2;

   FN FNC Para carbine. It has a 10 cm shorter barren and shorter foregrip. In Belgian service it is referred as FN FNC M3. This weapon lacks capability to launch rifle grenades. Also there are semi-automatic versions of this carbine, intended for law enforcement forces and civil customers;

   Automatkarabin 5 or AK-5 is a Swedish license-produced version of the FNC with a number modifications to suit Swedish armed forces requirements. Most modifications were made in order to adapt the Belgian weapon for the harsh Northern climate. The AK-5 was adopted in 1986 as a standard issue infantry rifle;

   Pindad SS1 it is a modified version of the FNC produced under license in Indonesia. In 1982 Indonesia purchased 10 000 FN FNC rifles. In 1984 Pindad acquired a license to produce this weapon locally. Modifications were made to adapt this assault rifle for jungle climate conditions. This weapon was adopted in 1991 and became a standard issue infantry rifle. Since 2006 this assault rifle is being replaced by an updated Pindad SS2.


Video of the FN FNC assault rifle

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