Country of origin
Cyclic rate of fire
~ 650 rpm
Practical rate of fire
40 - 100 rpm
Range of effective fire
450 ~ 500 m
assault rifle was developed by Thales Australia, which operated a
former Lithgow factory. It is a version of the EF88 assault
rifle, developed for the Australian LAND 125 Soldier Combat System
Program. In turn the EF88 is an improved version of the
Lithgow F88, which
is a license-produced version of the successful
AUG and is currently a standard-issue infantry weapon in
Australia. So essentially the F90 can be seen as a new-generation
version of the F88. The F90 assault rifle was first publicly
revealed in 2012. Initial production was scheduled for 2013.
The F90 is a
gas-operated, selective fire weapon with a bullpup layout. It is
chambered for the standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. It has
many distinctive upgrades and changes comparing with the original
It is better balanced, more comfortable to use and even more
reliable than the previous weapon. Also the F90 is 500 g lighter than
the F90 is similar to the previous F88, however it has a modified
gas block and receiver. The receiver is made of aluminum alloy to
reduce weight. This weapon has got a polymer housing with improved
shape of the buttstock. Both ejection ports and ejection covers were
also modified to ensure reliable extraction. A bolt hold-open device
was added to facilitate faster reloads.
button is located above the pistol grip. The shooter uses rhe trigger to control the
firing mode. Pulling the trigger half the way, will result in a single shot,
while the full pull will result in full-auto fire.
is fully ambidextrous. There are two symmetrical ejection ports, one
of which is always covered. So the shooter can easily switch side to
which spent cases are ejected. On the F90 these ports, as well as
ejection covers were modified to ensure reliable extraction.
The F90 uses
the same translucent 30-round magazines as the F88 and Steyr AUG.
These are not compatible with standard NATO (M16-type)
magazines. However it is said that a NATO compatible version will be
available in the near future.
The F90 has
a full-length Picatinny-type scope rail. It is intended to be used
as standard with Trijicon ACOG 1.5x or 3.5x magnification optical
sights. Other sights, such as night vision, can be easily installed.
Iron sights are intended only for backup use. However this assault
rifle has got no carrying
handle, which was present of the original Lithgow F88.
three additional rails for various accessories. This Australian assault rifle can
mount a new lightweight add-on 40-mm ML40AUS underbarrel grenade launcher.
It replaces the
grenade launcher used with the F88. The ML40AUS has a range of
effective fire of around 150 m. Maximum range is 400 m. For
reloading it opens sideways. The grenade launcher can be quickly
attached and easily removed when not required. A trigger guard of
this new assault rifle was redesigned to accept this weapon.
The F90 can
also mount a bayonet or sound suppressor.
version with a 407 mm (16") barrel.
F90(G) is a
designation of the F90, fitted with a 40-mm underbarrel grenade
"Marksman" version with a longer 508 mm (20") barrel.
F90M(G) is a
designation of the F90M, fitted with a 40-mm underbarrel grenade
launcher. It is more than 1.6 kg lighter than the original F88
rifle, equipped with M203PI grenade launcher.
"Close Quarters Battle" version with a shorter 360 mm (14.17")
barrel. This weapon is essentially a carbine or compact assault
rifle. This version is not compatible with underbarrel grenade