Desert Eagle Mark XIX
.50 Action Express
2 000 g
up to 200 m
Range of effective fire
50 ~ 100 m
Eagle pistol has a very unusual design. It uses the largest
cartridges of any pistol. It was designed to compete with magnum
revolvers. Development of this weapon commenced in 1979 by a
US-based Magnum Research company. The basic design was established
and patented in 1983. This design was refined for production by the
Israel Military Industries (IMI) and application for the second
patent was filled in 1985. Production commenced in 1985 by Israel
Military Industries. Between 1995 and 1998 production was carried
over to the United States, however was later returned to Israel.
Since 1998 this pistol
was manufactured by Israel Weapon Industries. Since 2009 the Desert Eagle is produced in the United
States by Magnum Research, an American privately held corporation.
popular in the action movies the Desert Eagle was actually developed
for target shooting and hunting. It is not a true combat pistol. For
the combat role this pistol is
way too bulky. It is uncomfortable to carry hold and fire. Most shooters it is uncomfortable to handle and
fire. Furthermore this weapon has violent recoil and small magazine
capacity. Still though some sources report that this pistol is used
Polish and Portuguese special forces.
has an unusual design. It is a gas operated weapon rather than a
short-recoil or blowback operated weapon. Such design is
typically associated with assault rifles, but not with pistols.
Operating mechanism has some similarities with the
assault rifle or Ruger Mini-14 carbine. Such operating mechanism
allows to use much more powerful cartridges than traditional pistol
designs allow. The
Desert Eagle fires with locked breech. This pistol is available with
steel or aluminum frame. Version with aluminum frame is significantly lighter.
The Desert Eagle pistol comes in a variety of different finishes.
Eagle is chambered in .50 Action Express, .44 Magnum and .357 Magnum
ammunition. The .357 Magnum is actually a revolver round. All of these rounds are extremely powerful.
There was also a version chambered in .440 Cor-bon caliber. But it
was not popular.
has an unusual feature and can easily switch between chambering. It
requires only the correct barrel, bolt assembly and magazine to be
installed. Such conversion can be easily made by the user.
is also available with different barrel lengths. Barrels can be
easily swapped by the user. The .375 Magnum version is available
with 6 inch (152 mm), 10 inch (254 mm) and 14 inch (356 mm) barrels.
The .44 Magnum version is available with 6 inch (152 mm), and 10
inch (254 mm) barrels. It seems that the .50AE version is available
only with a 6 inch (152 mm) barrel.
Eagle pistols chambered in .50 Action Express and .440 Cor-bon are
fed from 7-round magazines. Version chambered in .44 Magnum, has
8-round magazine. Version chambered in .375 Magnum revolver
ammunition is fed from 9-round magazines.
has an ambidextrous manual safety switch on each side of the slide.
The safety switch blocks the firing pin.
Eagle typically comes with fixed iron sights. However adjustable
sights were also available on some models. Furthermore this pistol
has a dove-tail style rail on top of the barred for mounting various
optics. Newer versions additionally have a
Picatinny-type scope rail. This pistol can easily hit targets at a
range of at least 50 m.
There is a
Jericho 941 pistol, which is sometimes branded as Baby Desert
Eagle, Baby Eagle, and even Desert Eagle. This pistol was also
developed by Israel Military Industries, however it is a completely
different design and has nothing in common with the Desert Eagle. It
was just an attempt to capitalize on the commercial success of the
Desert Eagle pistol.
Mark I. It was an original production version. These pistols were
available in .375 Magnum and .44 Magnum. This version is no longer
Mark VII. Thos version is also available in .375 Magnum and .44
Magnum. Later the .50 Action Express chambering was introduced. The
Mark VII version has an adjustable trigger;
Mark XIX is the recent version. It has a Picatinny-type scope rail.
These pistols come in a variety of different finishes. Magnum
Research company offers a muzzle brake for these pistols, that
reduces the recoil.