Home > Firearms > CZ-75


Semi-automatic pistol


The CZ-75 is one of the best pistols in its class

Caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum
Weight (empty) 1 000 g
Length 206 mm
Barrel length 120 mm
Muzzle velocity ~ 360 m/s
Magazine capacity 16 rounds
Sighting range 50 m
Range of effective fire 50 m


   The CZ-75 pistol was developed by Koucky brothers at the state-owned Ceska Zbrojovka armed factory in the former Czechoslovakia. This pistol was developed for military use and aimed purely at export market. Production commenced in 1976. During the first year of production some 2 000 pistols had been made. This rose in subsequent years to over 20 000 pistols, but was still not enough to coupe with the demand. By 2007 more than one million of these pistol have been produced. Its production still continues and it is constantly being improved. It is in service with about 20 countries and is used by military, police and special operations forces. This pistol was widely copied and cloned. Production license of this pistol has been sold to ITM of Switzerland.

   The CZ-75 has a nice design, is reliable, accurate, comfortable to handle and to shoot. It proved to successful and is one of the best pistols in its class.

   The CZ-75 is chambered for 9x19 mm Parabellum round. It is worth noting, that army and law enforcement forces of the former Czechoslovakia used the Soviet 7.62x25 and 9x18 mm pistol ammunition. While the 9x19 mm was the standard pistol round in the West. Also there a versions of the CZ-75 chambered for .40 S&W and 9x21 mm IMI ammunition.

   This pistol has an all-steel construction. It is a short recoil operated weapon and uses a Browning locking system. It resembles that of the Swiss SIG P210 pistol. Such operating system provides more smooth cycle and better tolerances and results in a greater accuracy.

   The basic CZ-75 has a double-action trigger and exposed hammer. However there are several versions of the trigger system, such as single-action, or double-action only. The basic version has a frame mounted safety. Since the late 1980s all CZ-75 series pistols also have an internal firing pin safety. Some models have no manual safety, but fitted with decocker only.

   A double-stack magazine holds 16 rounds. Early models of the CZ-75 had 15-round magazines.

   This pistol is fitted with simple iron sights. The rear sight is dovetailed into the slide. However there are some models fitted with adjustable rear sights. The CZ-75 is an accurate weapon. Effective range of fire is about 50 meters.

   Most popular copies of the CZ-75 are the American Springfield P9, Chinese NZ-75, Israeli Jericho 941, Italian Tanfoglio series pistols, Swiss ITM AT-88 and Sphinx 2000, Turkish Sarsilmaz M2000.




   CZ-75B is an improved production version. It has a reshaped triggerguard with a finger rest, hammer with circular head and internal firing pin safety;

   CZ-75B Compact, a compact model with shorter barrel, slide and grip;

   CZ-75BD it has a decocker switch instead of a safety;

   CZ-75DAO a version with a double-action only trigger. It has no manual safety;

   CZ-75 Automatic, it is a version of the CZ-75B with a full-auto capability. It fires in semi-auto or full-auto modes. Early production pistols have a longer ported barrel. Later this pistol was produced with a standard barrel. A spare magazine can be attached below the barrel and used as a front grip. It first appeared in 1992 and was proposed for police and military special forces units;

   CZ-75 P01 is an updated compact model, based on the CZ-75BD Compact. It has aluminum frame with steel slide. It has an accessory rail under the barrel. It can be fitted with various accessories, such as tactical flashlight or laser pointer. In 2001 this pistol was adopted by Czech police;

   CZ-85 is a completely ambidextrous version of the CZ-75. Its production began in 1986.







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