9x19 mm Parabellum
Range of effective fire
was designed by a legendary John Browning in 1925. It was the last
pistol designed by the Browning. Originally it was aimed to meet
requirement of the French military. This requirement could be met by
design, however previously he sold the rights of this successful
pistol to the Colt company. So he designed an entirely new pistol,
by working on the patterns of the M1911. The design was patented in
the USA in 1927 after the Browning's death. The design was acquired
by a Fabrique Nationale (FN) of Belgium. The Browning's design was
finalized by FN designer Dieudonne Saive. In 1934 the pistol was
complete and ready for production. In 1935 it was adopted by Belgian
Army and its production began during the same year. Soon after it was adopted by Belgian
police and many other countries, such as United Kingdom, Australia
and Canada. More than 1 mln of these pistols
have been made. It is known as the Hi-Power, HP, HP 35, GP 35, FN HP
and has some other designations.
Hi-Power became one of the most successful and widely used military
pistols in the world, alongside the M1911 and Walther PP. It has
been used by armed forces and police of about 90 countries. At one
time most NATO nations used it. This pistol is still produced by
Fabrique Nationale. Since its introduction it was constantly
improved. Its production was licensed to Argentina, Canada,
Indonesia, and possibly some other countries. Unlicensed copies of
this pistol were produced in China, Hungary, and possibly elsewhere.
The Browning Hi-Power is one of the most influential pistols ever
made. Its design inspired a number of copies and clones. Many modern
pistols have some of its design features.
The Hi-Power pistol is a short recoil operated weapon. This pistol has
improved locking system, that was first developed by John Browning.
During firing locking lugs on the barrel mate up with those on the
slide. the barrel and slide lock and move back together for a short
distance. After the barrel and the slide unlock. This locking system
proved to be very successful. Over the years it has been used in a number of pistol
designs. Sometimes it is used in various modified
military model is chambered for 9x19 mm ammunition. There was a
model chambered for 7.65x21 mm ammunition. Also there is a
commercial model, chambered in .40 S&W ammunition.
the Hi-Power pistol was quiet expensive, as it required precise
manufacturing. Over time its production and mechanics were
has a single-action trigger. Only in the 1980s Fabrique Nationale
developed a version with a double-action trigger. It is referred as
HP-DA and is still produced by FN.
safety switch was originally located on the left side of the frame.
However later production models have an ambidextrous safety on both
side of the frame. Also later production models have an internal
firing pin safety. An original rounded
hammer was replaced in 1972 by a spur hammer.
is fed from a 13-round magazine. It may not sound much today, but in
the 1930s it was nearly twice the capacity any other contemporary
pistol could offer. The name "Hi-Power" actually alludes to the high
magazine capacity. The magazine was designed by FN designer
Dieudonne Saive. It has a staggered design that increases capacity
without drastic increase of magazine size or length. The commercial
model chambered in.40 S&W ammunition has a magazine capacity reduced
to 10 rounds.
the FN produced this pistol in two models. One model had a fixed
rear sight. Another model had a larger front sight, adjustable rear
sight, intended for more accurate shooting. The sight can be set at
a range of 50 to 500 meters. A wooden holster could be attached to
the grip and serve as a shoulder stock. Such pistols were produced
before the WWII. Effective range of the
Hi-Power pistol is about 50 meters.
though the Hi-Power is one of the best combat pistols, it faces top
challenge from the modern designs, such as a