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Beryl

Assault rifle

Beryl

The Beryl is the standard issue infantry rifle in service with the Polish Army

 
 
Country of origin Poland
Entered service 1997
Caliber 5.56 x 45 mm
Weight (empty) 3.35 kg
Length 941 mm
Length (with folded stock) 742 mm
Barrel length 457 mm
Muzzle velocity 920 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 700 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 1 000 m
Range of effective fire up to 600 m

 

   The Kbs wz.1996 Beryl (beryllium) assault rifle was designed in Poland to replace the PMK (license-produced version of the Soviet AK-47) and Kbk wz.88 Tantal (clone of the Soviet AK-74) in service with the Polish Army. The PMK was chambered for a 7.62x39 mm ammunition, while the Tantal was chambered for 5.45x39 mm ammunition. During the mid 1990s Poland was moving towards joining NATO. The country needed to completely re-arm its military with new weapons, compatible with standard NATO ammunition. The Beryl is a version of the Tantal, but chambered for a standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. First prototypes of this assault rifle were produced in 1995. The Beryl was accepted to service in 1997 as the standard issue infantry rifle and production commenced during the same year. This assault rifle is also available for export customers.

   It is a gas operated, selective fire weapon, chambered for the standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. Beryl's system of operation is similar to that of the Tantal. It is a rugged weapon, which inherited reliability from Kalashnikov designs.

   The Beryl has three firing modes - semi-auto, three round burst and full auto. A fire mode selector is located on the left side of the receiver. An AK-type safety switch is located on the right side of the receiver. Safety and fire mode selector arrangement on the Polish Beryl assault rifle is more comfortable to use than that of the Kalashnikov assault rifles. However the firing mechanism is more complicated. This led to decreased reliability of the weapon.

   The Beryl uses unique 30-round magazines, that are not interchangeable with other NATO magazines.

   The Beryl has adjustable opened sights, with a maximum sighting range of 1 000, however this reading is slightly optimistic. Its range of effective fire is up to 600 m. Later production models are fitted with a top-mounted Picatinny-type rail for mounting various optics.

   A metal stock of this assault rifle folds to the right side. The Beryl is compatible with the Polish wz.1974 or wz.96 Pallad 40 mm underbarel grenade launcher. It is worth mentioning that early production versions had no such compatibility. A flash hider can be also used to launch rifle grenades. These grenades are launched using standard live ammunition and have a range of 150 and 250 meters. Grenades can be launched against enemy troops or lightly armored vehicles. This assault rifle is also compatible with a knife-bayonet.

 

Variants

 

   Beryl Commando, assault rifle, fitted with a shorter barrel;

   Mini Beryl, a carbine variant, fitted with a shorter barrel and a shorter foregrip;

   wz.2004 an upgraded version of Beryl assault rifle and Mini Beryl carbine. Upgraded weapons were fitted with a telescopic buttstock and quad accessory rails.

 

 
Beryl

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Beryl

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Beryl

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Beryl

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