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Beretta PM12

Submachine gun

Beretta PM12

The Beretta PM12 submachine gun proved to be a robust, accurate, and comfortable to use weapon

 
 
Country of origin Italy
Entered service 1959
Caliber 9x19 mm
Weight (without magazine) 3.2 kg
Weight (loaded) 3.77 kg
Length (stock extended) 660 mm
Length (stock collapsed) 418 mm
Barrel length 200 mm
Muzzle velocity 380 - 430 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 550 rpm
Practical rate of fire 30 - 90 rpm
Magazine capacity 20, 32, 40 rounds
Sighting range 200 m
Range of effective fire up to 100 m

 

   The Beretta PM12 submachine gun was developed during the 1950s. It was first revealed in 1959. Letters PM in the designation stand for "Pistola Mitragliatice", or machine pistol. In 1961 this weapon was adopted by Italian Army, special forces and law enforcement forces. By modern standards this weapon is out-dated. Though it is still used in Italy and some other countries. It is likely that it will remain in service for many years to come. This submachine gun was license-produced in Belgium, Brazil, and Indonesia.

   The PM12 is a compact weapon. Beretta designed this submachine gun, that could be used by foot soldiers, as well as vehicle crews.

   The Beretta PM12 has a stamped steel construction and a tubular receiver. Both ends of the receiver are blocked by screw-on caps. This weapon has minimum of moving parts. However despite its simplistic appearance this submachine gun was actually expensive to produce.

   The PM12 is a blowback-operated weapon, which fires from an open bolt. This submachine gun is chambered for a standard NATO 9x19 mm Parabellum ammunition. The Beretta PM12 proved to be a robust, comfortable to use and accurate weapon. The weapon is very stable when being fired. Though by modern standards this submachine gun is too heavy.

   The original PM12 had a safety button, located over the pistol grip. A fire mode is changed between "semi-auto" and "full-auto" by pressing another button located above the pistol grip. Such arrangement was quite unusual. There is also an automatic grip safety, which is disengaged only when the shooter grips the weapon. Overall this submachine gun is very safe to use. Both manual and automatic safeties prevent accidental discharges.

   This weapon is fed from 20-, 32-, or 40-round capacity magazines.

   The original PM12 had a side-folding metal stock. Once folded, the metal stock protrudes from the weapon only slightly. Early versions of this weapon were also available with a quick-detachable wooden buttstock.

   This submachine gun has an integral forward grip which improves stability of the weapon during firing.

   This submachine gun has got simple iron sights. Both front and rear sights have protective side walls, that protect from damage and battlefield abuse. The rear flip-up sight has settings for 100 and 200 meters. The PM12 proved to be a highly accurate weapon at close ranges. At ranges over 100 meters this submachine gun can place aimed shots, firing in semi-automatic mode. With the help of add-on accessories the PM12 can mount various sights, such as red dot sights.

   Beretta has produced a number of accessories for the PM12 submachine gun, including a flashlight, encased in the foregrip.

 

Variants

 

   Beretta PM12S has some minor improvements, including different sights and modified safety lever. The new combined safety and fire mode selector lever, has positions for "safe",  "semi-auto", and "full-auto". It can be conveniently operated by a thumb. The PM12S was introduced in the early 1980s. This version was used in large numbers.

   Beretta PM12S2 was the latest production version. It has a third added safety, built into the cocking handle. This weapon was introduced in 1992 and was used in small numbers by the Italian Army and Air Force.

   Taurus MT12 is a Brazilian license-produced version.

 

 
Beretta PM12

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Beretta PM12

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Beretta PM12

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Beretta PM12

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Beretta PM12

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

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