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Barrett M82

Anti-material rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle

The Barrett M82 was designed to destroy sensitive enemy equipment at long range

 
 
Caliber 12.7x99 mm (.50 BMG)
Weight (unloaded) 12.9 kg
Length 1 448 mm
Barrel length 737 mm
Muzzle velocity 854 m/s
Muzzle energy 15 580 Joules
Magazine capacity 10 rounds
Sighting range ~ 2 000 m
Range of effective fire ~ 900 m
Maximum effective range 1 800 m
Accuracy 1.5 - 2 MOA

 

   The Barrett M82 is a semi-automatic anti-material rifle, designed and developed by Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company, founded by Ronnie Barrett. This weapon is very popular. It is used by armed forces and special operation units from more than 30 countries. In some countries this anti-material rifle is used as a long-range anti-personnel sniper weapon.

   Development of this powerful anti-material rifle began in the early 1980s. Working versions were ready by 1982, hence the designation M82. It is worth noting that the M82 is a company designation, rather than a US military designation. The Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company developed and manufactured every part of this weapon on its own. In 1986, and improved M82A1 version was introduced. The company successfully sold 100 rifles to Swedish Armed Forces in 1989. In 1990-1991 US Marine Corps obtained around 125 of these rifles. Soon followed orders from the US Army and Air Force. Today this anti-material rifle is in service with more than 30 countries and used by military and law enforcement forces.

   This anti-material rifle was designed to destroy sensitive enemy equipment, like parked aircraft, radar units, trucks and various other important assets at long range. It is also used for remote destruction of explosive ordnance. The Barrett M82 is also used as a long-range sniper rifle. It can neutralize enemy snipers at standoff range. The rifle can be also used to hit enemy soldiers, that are hiding behind cover and walls, as its powerful ammunition can penetrate through bricks and concrete. However the Barrett M82 is primarily used as anti-material weapon.

   The Barrett M82 is a recoil-operated semi-automatic weapon. It is chambered for powerful 12.7x99 mm (.50 BMG) ammunition. This ammunition was originally developed for and used in Browning M2 heavy machine gun. Sometimes the Barrett M82 is referred as "Light Fifty" for its cartridge.

   This weapon has a unique recoil reduction mechanism. The muzzle brake is said to absorb 70% of the recoil. It reduces the forces acting on internal mechanisms and the shooter.

   This weapon has a manual thumb-lever safety.

   This weapon is fed from 10-round detachable magazines.

   The Barrett M82 was often fitted with Leupold 10x magnification scope. This weapon can be also used with night vision scopes. There is a flip-up iron sight for emergency use in case of scope damage. Modern variants have a Picatinny-type scope rail on top of the receiver.

   The original Barrett M82 has a built-in carrying handle, while the modern versions come with quick-detachable one. This rifle also has a detachable bipod. This weapon can be fitted with carry sling. However due to its size the Barrett M82 is usually carried in special case.

   The unit cost of the rifle is around $8 900.

 

Variants

 

   Barrett M82A1 improved version. It was introduced in 1986. This version was fitted with flip-up iron sights for emergency use and has a larger muzzle brake. This weapon can be mounted on the M3 and M122 infantry tripods, originally intended for machine guns.

   Barrett M82A1M improved version, developed for the US military. It has a long Picatinny-type rail on top of the receiver and can accept various scopes. This weapon also has a rear grip and monopod socket.

   Barrett M82A2 version with a bullpup layout. It was introduced in 1987. This version was designed to be fired from the shoulder, against helicopters. However it was not a success and production was stopped soon.

   M82A3 is a US Marine Corps designation of the Barrett M82A1M. It is also officially referred as Special Applications Scoped Rifle. The US Marine Corps obtained significant number of these rifles. This weapon saw action during Operations Desert Shield, Desert Storm, and the War in Afghanistan.

   M107 is a US Army's designation of the Barrett M82A1M. It was adopted in 2002. It uses a Leupold Mk.4 scope with 4.5-14x magnification. In the US Army it is officially referred as Long-Range Sniper Rifle. Production of this weapon ceased in 2010. The M107A1 is a commercial version, produced since 2011.

 

Rahul Singh Dhari

   Article by RAHUL SINGH DHARIH DHARI

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Barrett M82 sniper rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle


 
Barrett M82 sniper rifle

Barrett M82 sniper rifle

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