1 020 g
1 220 g
25 - 200 m
Range of effective fire
pistol was designed by Igor Stechkin to meet a Soviet Army
requirement. The Soviet Army required an automatic pistol,
that would be used as a personal defense weapon by vehicle crews,
pilots and other types of soldiers that do not need an assault
rifle. It is worth noting that the Soviet tactical doctrine had no
place for submachine guns. The APS entered service in
1951 alongside the
pistol of the same caliber and new 9x18 mm ammunition. It seems that production of this
pistol began in 1952. It was produced in thousands. The APS was issued to tank, combat vehicle and
artillery crews, front line officers, and some other soldiers.
However soon after its introduction it was discovered that it had
some drawbacks. It was heavy, lacked power and penetration and was uncomfortable
to carry. Also it was expensive to produce. Its
production was discontinued in the late 1950s. The APS automatic pistol was gradually
removed from army service and kept in storage. By the early 1970s
most were replaced by AKMSU, a compact version of Kalashnikov
assault rifle. This automatic pistol was never exported even to Soviet
allies. However it might be in service with some former Soviet
The APS is
still used today. It found its second life amongst various Russian
special law enforcement forces. At the present time more modern
pistols, like the
Gyurza were developed in Russia. However the APS is still
automatic pistol fits the gap between semi-automatic pistols and
submachine guns. Its full automatic fire capability was mainly
intended for emergency close quarter situations. It is a more effective alternative for a close
quarter combat than standard semi-automatic pistols. However only a
specially trained shooter can fully exploit all the benefits of this
The APS is
chambered for 9x18 mm Makarov ammunition. This round was designed by
Makarov alongside his pistol. Basically it is a larger version of
the 9x17 mm (.380 ACP) round, developed by John Browning. Russians
deliberately opted for ammunition that is not compatible with any
Western 9 mm pistols. So in case of war captured Soviet ammunition
stocks would be useless. The 9x18 mm round became the standard
pistol and submachine gun round in the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact
countries, as Soviets required their allies to use the same
ammunition. Comparing with Western 9x19 mm Parabellum round, the
9x18 mm Makarov round is less powerful and also looses in terms of
penetration. Ball and tracer rounds are available.
The APS has
an all-steel construction. It is a simple blowback operated weapon.
It can fire in semi-auto or full-auto modes. This pistol has a fire
rate reducer. Cyclic rate of fire is 600 rounds per minute. It is
much more controllable during full-auto fire than other automatic
pistols, that have a rate of fire well over 1 000 rounds per minute. The APS
has a double action trigger. It can
also operate in single-action firing sequence.
switch is mounted on the slide. It also acts as a fire mode
automatic pistol is fed from a double-stack magazines, that hold 20
sight is adjustable. It can be set at a range of 25, 50, 100 or 200
meters. However effective range for this pistol is up to 50 meters.
For more accurate shooting a holster can be attached to the backstrap and used as a shoulder stock. Early production
holsters were made of wood. Later these were made of plastic.
However the original holster was heavy and clumsy to carry. So the APS is usually carried in various open-top holsters.
APS has a much better accuracy in semi-automatic mode and much
larger magazine comparing with the general issue Makarov pistol.
automatic pistol. Sometimes it is referred as APSB. It was developed in the late 1960s. It is based on
the APS. This pistol has a longer barrel, removable silencer and
detachable wire shoulder stock. It fires subsonic
rounds. During the 1970 an unspecified number of existing APS
pistols were remanufactured into the APB. It is used by the special
Video of the APS
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