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AKS-47

Assault rifle

AKS-47

The AKS-47 is a folding-stock version of the AK-47 assault rifle

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1950
Caliber 7.62x39 mm
Weight 3.9 kg
Length 868 mm
Length (with folded stock) 645 mm
Barrel length 415 mm
Muzzle velocity 715 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 660 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 800 m
Range of effective fire 300 - 400 m

 

   The AKS-47, or AKS, is a version of the famous AK-47 assault rifle with a folding metal stock. This modified version was specially developed for the Soviet paratroopers and other units that needed a more compact version of the AK-47. It was adopted in 1950. Its official designation was Avtomat Kalashnikova Skladnoy (Kalashnikov's Assault Rifle, Foldable), or simply AKS. However the AKS-47 designation began to be used when improved Kalashnikov's versions, notably the AKS-74, were introduced to denote the "Model 1947". This weapon was used by the Soviet armed forces and exported to numerous countries. It was license-produced in a number of countries. Also there is a number of clones and derivatives of this weapon.

   The AKS-47 has similar design as the AK-47, except the stock. The original AK-47 has a solid wooden stock, while the AKS-47 has an underfolding metal stock, similar to that of the German MP-40 submachine gun. The stock can be collapsed for carrying in various confined spaces, such as armored vehicles and so on. Due to its stock the AKS-47 is lighter than the AK-47.

   The AKS-47 is a gas-operated, selective fire weapon. It is basically a reverse-engineered version of the German StG.44 assault rifle, however with a number of modifications. It is chambered for a Soviet 7.62x39 mm ammunition. There are standard ball rounds, tracer rounds, armor-piercing-incendiary rounds and incendiary rounds.

   The AK-47 and its derivatives are known for their unsurpassed reliability, ruggedness, simplicity of operation and maintenance. These weapons do not jams or misfire in worst conditions possible. Also these have reliable extraction even with dirty chamber and cases. It is simple in design and technology. Production of this weapon could be easily established.

   The AKS-47 is simple to use and to maintain. The weapon can be field stripped in one minute without using any tools. There are no small parts, that can be lost while cleaning this weapon.

   However this weapon has a poor ergonomics and is badly balanced. This reduced firing accuracy.

   The combined safety and fire mode selector switch has 3 positions for "safe", "semi-auto", and "full-auto". In "safe" position it locks the bolt group and the trigger and also serves as a dust cover.

   A standard magazine holds 30 rounds. The AKS-47 uses the same magazines of the AK-47 assault rifle.

   The stock underfolds under the pistol grip and magazine. The folding stock lacks internal compartment with the field cleaning kit of the AK-47. Instead this cleaning kit is carried in the the poach with spare magazines.

   This assault rifle has a sighting range settings from 100 to 800 meters. However it is way too optimistic, since the effective range of fire is limited to 300 - 400 meters. This weapon has inferior accuracy compared to most contemporary Western assault or automatic rifles.

   This assault rifle can mount knife-bayonet or silencer.

   In 1959 the Soviet armed forces adopted new AKM assault rifle with a solid wooden stock. In 1962 it was followed by an AKMS assault rifles with an underfolding metal stock . These had some improvements and as a result were lighter and more accurate weapons. These replaced in production the AK-47 and AKS-47 assault rifles.

 

 

AKS-47

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AKS-47

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AKS-47

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AKS-47

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AKS-47

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