Country of origin
~ 1 000 mm
Length (with folded stock)
Cyclic rate of fire
Range of effective fire
~ 400 m
Automatkarabin 5 or AK-5 for short is a Swedish assault rifle. It is
a modified version of the
FN FNC. Most modifications were
made in order to adapt the Belgian weapon for the harsh Northern
In the mid
1970s Swedish Armed Forces began to look for a new assault rifle
that would replace their AK-4 (license-produced version of the
Heckler & Koch G3). Swedish Defense Material Administration went
with the global trend for a smaller caliber ammunition. Although the
Sweden was always a neutral country, it was leaning towards NATO and
considered Soviet Union a great threat. So a standard
NATO 5.56x45 mm round was selected. Also Swedish Defense Material
Administration required, that the new weapon would be reliable in
the near-arctic climate of Northern Sweden. From 1979 to around 1980
a total of 11 different assault rifles were tested, including
Beretta M70, FN CAL, FN FNC,
Heckler & Koch HK33,
AUG, and some other designs. All of them were chambered for a standard
NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. As a result the Belgian FN FNC has been
selected. However a number of modifications were made to the weapon
to make it suitable for winter conditions.
Modifications included a larger trigger and cocking handle. It
allowed to fire while wearing thick winter gloves. Also the weapon
received a larger handguard, different side-folding shoulder stock,
different iron sights, different gas block, modified bolt, modified
magazine. Also resistance to corrosion has been improved.
Between 1981 to 1985 new tests were made to the modified FNC. In
weapon was finally adopted as the AK-5. Deliveries commenced during
the same year. The AK-5 became a standard issue infantry rifle in service
with the Swedish Armed Forces.
AK-5 assault rifles were delivered from Belgium. Production was established in Sweden
in 1987. It was license-produced by FFV
Ordnance AB. Soon this assault rifle was
produced by Bofors Carl Gustav. This weapon has never been
exported outside Sweden.
The AK-5 is
a gas operated weapon. Overall its operating mechanism strongly
resembles that of
Kalashnikov assault rifle. A 3-round
burst capability of the FN FNC was deleted on the AK-5. It fires in
semi-auto, or full-auto modes only.
It has been reported that the
AK-5 is very reliable. Updated versions, such as AK-5C are even more
reliable and have a jam for about 2 000 rounds fired.
The original AK-5
fed from 30-round steel magazines. On modernized AK-5C and AK-5D versions
these were replaced with lighter and translucent plastic magazines. A couple of magazines can be clamped
together for faster reloading. This weapon is compatible with all
standard NATO 5.56-mm magazines.
production model has fixes iron sights. It has a sighting
adjustments for 250 and
400 meters. However the rifles can be used at longer ranges.
The original rifle lacked
a bayonet lug. A bayonet lug adaptor and bayonet from the older AK-4
was fitted to some rifles, mainly for ceremonial duties.
The AK-5 can launch rifle
grenades. However some sources report that Swedish Armed Forces do
not use rifle grenades. Newer models are compatible with
underbarrel grenade launcher.
production version with fixed iron sights. Currently these rifles
are no longer used and are kept in storage;
AK-5B is a
designated marksman rifle. It comes with a 4x magnification sight
(British SUSAT L9A1) and has a cheek pad. Iron sights have been removed. Approximately 5
200 of these rifles were made. It was typically used by squad
leaders. Currently these rifles are no longer used and are kept in
AK-5C is an
updated version with a number of improvements. Swedish Defense Administration decided to update
existing AK-5 assault rifles, rather than to look for a new design.
The AK-5C has a slightly shorter
barrel. It has integral
Picatinny-type scope and
accessory rail. It comes as standard with Ampoint red dot sight. It can be
fitted with a variety of sights and add-on accessories. It is often
used with add-on vertical foregrip. There are
back-up emergency iron sights up to a range of 300 m. The AK-5C is prepared to accept the M203 grenade
launcher. This assault rifle also has improved
ergonomics and adjustable side-folding buttstock. The flash hider can be
used to shoot through barbed wire. Tests of the AK-5C were completed
in 2005. Nearly 40 000 existing
AK-5 rifles were modified to the AK-5C standard. Deliveries
commenced in 2006 and were completed in 2010. Currently the AK-5C
is a standard issue infantry rifle in service with the Swedish Armed
AK-5D is a
compact version of the AK-5C with shorter barrel and handguard. This
carbine is issued to vehicle crews and reconnaissance units. The
AK-5D is also used by Swedish Police.
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