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AIM

Assault rifle

AIM

The Romanian AIM assault rifle can be easily distinguished by its additional vertical grip

 
 
Country of origin Romania
Entered service 1965
Caliber 7.62 x 39 mm
Weight (empty) 3.15 kg
Length 880 mm
Barrel length 415 mm
Muzzle velocity 710 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 600 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 1 000 m
Range of effective fire 300 - 400 m

 

   The Romanian AIM assault rifle is a license-produced version of the Soviet AKM with some minor upgrades. It was adopted by Romanian Army in 1965 and for decades was a standard-issue infantry rifle. This weapon was widely exported around the world.

   It is a gas operated, selective fire weapon, chambered for Soviet 7.62x39 mm ammunition. It is worth mentioning that this assault rifle has inferior accuracy to most Western designs. However it inherited unsurpassed reliability, ruggedness, simplicity of operation and maintenance of the AKM. This weapon do not jams or misfires in worst conditions possible. Also it has reliable extraction even with dirty chamber and cases. This weapon can be field stripped in one minute without using any tools. Unfortunately the Romanian AIM has poor ergonomics and is badly balanced.

   The safety / fire mode selector lever has single fire and full-auto modes. In "safe" position it locks the bolt group and the trigger and also serves as a dust cover.

   The Romanian AIM can be easily distinguished by its additional vertical grip. It makes weapon more controllable during fully automatic firing. This assault rifle was produced with a wooden stock, however late models were fitted with a side-folding metal stock.

   The AIM has a sighting range of 1 000 meters, however its effective range is only about 300-400 m. This assault rifle is fed from the standard AK 30-round magazines. It is compatible with a bayonet and 40 mm underbarrel grenade launcher.

 

Variants

 

   AIMS, version with an underfolding metal stock. It was intended for airborne troops. It is a license-produced version of the Soviet AKMS. The AIMS is also available in carbine version, with a shorter barrel. Later carbine versions were fitted with a different side-folding metal stock. Vertical handle of the AIMS is shaped inwards due to the different buttstock.

   AIMR is a carbine version with a shorter barrel. Front sights of this weapon were relocated on the gas block. It uses 20-round capacity magazines. It is equivalent to the Soviet AKMSU. This weapon was adopted in 1980.

   AIMS-74 is a version of the AIM, is chambered for a Soviet 5.45x39 mm ammunition. In the mid 1970s Soviet Union switched from 7.62x39 mm ammunition to 5.45x39 mm round and encouraged other nations from Warsaw Pact, including Romania, to follow. Development of the new Romanian assault rifle commenced in the mid 1980s. It was indigenously developed in Romania and is a clone of the Soviet AK-74, but not a license-produced version. The AIMS-74 has a number of differences comparing with the AK-74. This weapon comes with a side-folding wire stock. It was adopted in 1986 and replaced both AIM and AIMS assault rifles in Romanian service. The AIMS-74 is used as a standard-issue infantry rifle to this day.

   md.90 compact assault rifle with a shorter barrel. Front sights of this weapon were relocated on the gas block. Foregrips of this carbine are available with and without vertical handles. It has a side folding wire stock of the AIMS-74 assault rifle. Though it is chambered for 7.62x39 mm ammunition. This weapon was adopted by Romanian armed forces, and possibly law enforcement forces in 1990.

   md.64 is a light machine gun version, based on the AIM assault rifle. It is similar to the Soviet RPK light machine gun. It is compatible with 7.62 mm magazines of the AIM series assault rifles. This weapon was adopted in 1964.

 

 
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