Country of origin
7.62 x 39 mm
Cyclic rate of fire
Practical rate of fire
40 - 100 rpm
1 000 m
Range of effective fire
300 - 400 m
AIM assault rifle is a license-produced version of the
Soviet AKM with some minor upgrades.
It was adopted by Romanian Army in 1965 and for decades was a standard-issue infantry rifle. This weapon was widely
exported around the world.
It is a gas
operated, selective fire weapon, chambered for Soviet 7.62x39 mm
ammunition. It is worth mentioning
that this assault rifle has inferior accuracy to most Western
designs. However it inherited unsurpassed reliability, ruggedness,
simplicity of operation and maintenance of the AKM. This weapon do
not jams or misfires in worst conditions possible. Also it has
reliable extraction even with dirty chamber and cases. This weapon
can be field stripped in one minute without using any tools.
Unfortunately the Romanian AIM has poor ergonomics and is badly
The safety /
fire mode selector lever has single fire and full-auto modes. In
"safe" position it locks the bolt group and the trigger and also
serves as a dust cover.
AIM can be easily distinguished by its additional vertical grip. It
makes weapon more controllable during fully automatic firing. This
assault rifle was produced with a wooden stock, however late models
were fitted with a side-folding metal stock.
The AIM has
a sighting range of 1 000 meters, however its effective range is
only about 300-400 m. This assault rifle is fed from the standard
AK 30-round magazines. It is compatible with a bayonet and 40 mm underbarrel grenade launcher.
version with an underfolding metal stock. It was intended for airborne
troops. It is a license-produced version of the Soviet AKMS. The
AIMS is also available in carbine version, with a shorter barrel.
Later carbine versions were fitted with a different side-folding
Vertical handle of the AIMS is shaped inwards due to the different
AIMR is a
carbine version with a shorter barrel. Front sights of this weapon
were relocated on the gas block. It uses 20-round capacity
magazines. It is equivalent to the Soviet AKMSU. This weapon was adopted in 1980.
is a version of the AIM, is chambered for a Soviet 5.45x39 mm ammunition.
In the mid 1970s Soviet Union switched from 7.62x39 mm ammunition to
5.45x39 mm round and encouraged other nations from Warsaw Pact,
including Romania, to follow. Development of the new Romanian
assault rifle commenced in the mid 1980s. It was indigenously
developed in Romania and is a clone of the Soviet
but not a license-produced version. The AIMS-74 has a number of
differences comparing with the AK-74. This weapon comes with a
side-folding wire stock. It was adopted in 1986 and replaced both
AIM and AIMS assault rifles in Romanian service. The AIMS-74 is used
as a standard-issue infantry rifle to this day.
compact assault rifle with a shorter barrel. Front sights of this weapon were
relocated on the gas block. Foregrips of this carbine are available
with and without vertical handles. It has a side folding wire stock
of the AIMS-74 assault rifle. Though it is chambered for 7.62x39 mm
ammunition. This weapon was adopted by Romanian armed forces, and
possibly law enforcement forces in 1990.
md.64 is a
light machine gun version, based on the AIM assault rifle. It is
similar to the Soviet
light machine gun. It is compatible with 7.62 mm magazines of the
AIM series assault rifles. This weapon was adopted in 1964.