Home > Firearms > 9A-91


Compact assault rifle


The 9A-91 is one of the smallest assault rifles in the world

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 1994
Caliber 9 x 39 mm
Weight (empty) 2.1 kg
Length 605 mm
Length (with folded stock) 383 mm
Barrel length ?
Muzzle velocity 270 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 30 - 70 rpm
Practical rate of fire 600 - 800 rpm
Magazine capacity 20 rounds
Sighting range 200 m
Range of effective fire 100 m


   The 9A-91 compact assault rifle was originally developed for army service as a personal defense weapon, however it was accepted to service with Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs instead, as a cheaper equivalent of the SR-3 Vikhr for urban environment. It is a member of the A-91 compact weapon family, which includes versions chambered for various cartridges. A small scale production of the 9A-91 commenced in 1994. Currently it is one of the smallest assault rifles in the world.

   The 9A-91 is a gas operated, selective fire weapon. It is chambered for 9x39 mm special subsonic ammunition. It uses the SP-5 (ball round), SP-6 (armor piercing) and PAB-9 (a lower cost version of the SP-6) rounds. The same ammunition is used by the Val silenced assault rifle, Vintorez silenced sniper rifle and SR-3 Vikhr compact assault rifle. The actual effective range of the 9A-91 is limited to about 100 meters because of the short barrel, short sighting line and steep trajectory of the subsonic bullets. However at this range the 9x39 mm ammunition is superior in terms of penetration to 9 mm pistol rounds used by submachine guns and 5.45 mm and 5.56 mm ammunition used by compact assault rifles. Also it is worth noting that 9x39 mm bullets usually do not ricochet. This feature is extremely important in urban environment, when firing inside the buildings.

   The safety / fire selector lever is located above the triggerguard. It has single shots and full-auto modes. The 9A91 is fed from box-shaped 20-round capacity magazines. Magazine release button is located under the triggerguard.

   A collapsible steel stock folds above the receiver. Foregrip and pistol handle are made of polymers. Small size of this assault rifle makes it maneuverable in restricted space areas.

   The iron sight has two fixed settings for 100 and 200 meters. A large number of accessories were developed specially for this compact assault rifle. The 9A-91 is compatible with silencer, laser pointers, various scopes or night vision sights. It is also compatible with the GP-95 40-mm underbarrel grenade launcher, specially developed for this compact assault rifle. It fires the standard VOG-25 and VOG-25M grenades.




   VSK-94 a small-size silenced sniper weapon, chambered for 9x39 mm subsonic ammunition. It is fitted with integral silencer. It has a claimed effective range of 400 m.





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