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Assault Breacher Vehicle

Minefield breaching vehicle

Assault Breacher Vehicle

The Assault Breacher Vehicle was specially designed to clear pathways through minefields



Entered service 2008
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 50 t
Length 12 m
Hull length ~ 7.9 m
Width ~ 3.6 m
Height ~ 2.4 m
Mobility
Engine Honeywell AGT1500 gas turbine
Engine power 1 500 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 70 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.7 m
Fording 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) 2 m

 

   The Assault Breacher Vehicle (ABV) was developed to meet the operational requirements of the US Marine Corps. It is also known as the Breacher or Shredder. This combat engineering vehicle was specially designed to clear pathways through minefields, creating safe lanes for other vehicles. It allows assault units to move rapidly through obstacles, before enemy forces establish defenses. First prototypes of the ABV were completed in 2002. The Breacher became operational in 2008. In 2009 it saw combat in Afghanistan. The US Marine Corps ordered a total of 45 systems. Later the US Army ordered 187 of these vehicles, instead of the cancelled Grizzly. The Grizzly was a similar combat engineering vehicle, which was cancelled in 2001 and never reached production.

   The Assault Breacher Vehicle is based on a modified M1A1 Abrams main battle tank chassis. It is worth mentioning, that the ABV uses refurbished Abrams MBT chassis, supplied from surplus Army stocks. Turret of the M1A1 has been removed and replaced by a new superstructure. A number of proven sub-systems have been used on this combat engineering vehicle to reduce development time and cost. Pearson Engineering of the United Kingdom supplied a number of specially designed engineering accessories for this vehicle. These include full width and surface mine ploughs, combat dozer blades, rapid ordnance removal systems, lane marking systems. This equipment can be rapidly fitted or removed, depending on mission requirements.

   The Breacher is fitted with two launchers for mine clearing line charges, mounted on the rear of the superstructure. These are rockets, carrying explosives up to 100-150 m forward, detonating mines, bombs or IEDs at a safe distance. In this way it makes safety lanes in the minefields for troops and armored vehicles.

   The ABV is capable of supporting the current fleet of US Marines armored vehicles, including the M1A1 Abrams MBT.

   A superstructure of the ABV is fitted with the latest explosive reactive armor package. It provides higher level of protection against anti-tank weapons with HEAT warheads, such as RPG rounds. This breaching vehicle is heavily armored and can withstand mine damage.

   The Assault Breacher Vehicle is operated by a crew of two, including commander and driver. It has an option for remote control and can be operated from a distance without the crew. This combat engineering vehicle is armed with a cupola-mounted 12.7-mm machine gun, which is operated by the vehicle commander.

   The Breacher is powered by Honeywell AGT1500 gas turbine engine, developing 1 500 hp. It is a multi-fuel engine, which can run on kerosene, diesel, petrol or aviation fuel. It has servicing intervals significantly longer than of diesel engines, however it is troublesome to maintain and has very high fuel consumption comparing with diesels. Engine can be replaced in field conditions within 30 minutes. This armored engineering vehicle has speed and mobility to keep up with Abrams tanks during combat operations. The Assault Breacher Vehicle also has a deep fording capability.

 

Video of the Assault Breacher Vehicle

 

 
Assault Breacher Vehicle

Assault Breacher Vehicle

Assault Breacher Vehicle

Assault Breacher Vehicle

Assault Breacher Vehicle


 
Assault Breacher Vehicle

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