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57-mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun


The ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun has a very thin steel armor

Entered service 1956
Crew 6 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 28.1 t
Length (gun forward) 8.46 m
Hull length 6.22 m
Width 3.27 m
Height 2.71 m
Main gun 2 x 57-mm
Machine guns -
Projectile weight 2.8 kg
Maximum slant range 4 km
Maximum firing range 12 km
Rate of fire 240 rpm
Elevation range - 5 to + 85 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 300
Machine guns -
Engine V-54 diesel
Engine power 520 hp
Maximum road speed 50 km/h
Range 420 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 2.7 m
Fording 1.4 m


   The ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun was developed since late 40s. It entered service with the Soviet Army and production commenced in 1956. It was later replaced by a much more effective ZSU-23-4 Shilka. Despite its age the ZSU-57-2 is still in service with a number of countries.

   This SPAAG is fitted with two 57-mm S-68 guns, similar to the S-60 single towed anti-aircraft gun. These guns are air-cooled, so after firing of 50 - 60 rounds in intensive mode guns have to cool down. These guns are fed from magazines. Each magazine holds four rounds. The ZSU-57-2 fires fragmentation-tracers against air targets and armor-piercing tracers against ground targets. Direct hit of a single 57-mm round caused destruction of a fighter or attack aircraft.

   The ZSU-57-2 has got no radar and uses open sights instead. It also cannot be used successfully at night. Optical sight is used to engage ground targets.

   This SPAAG has a very thin steel armor (maximum thickness 15 mm). Lack of the roof makes it defenseless against attacks from above. The ZSU-57-2 also lacks NBC protection system.

   Vehicle has a crew of six, including commander, gunner, assisting gunner, two loaders and driver.

   The ZSU-57-2 SPAAG chassis uses many automotive components of the T-54 medium tank. Vehicle is powered by the V-54 diesel engine, developing 520 horsepower.




   Type 80 SPAAG, Chinese copy of the ZSU-57-2, based on the Type 69 medium tank chassis.


Video of the ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun





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