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Uragan-M

Multiple launch rocket system

Uragan-M artillery rocket system

The Belarusian Uragan-M is based on a MAZ-6317 military truck chassis

 
 
Country of origin Belarus
Entered service 2019
Crew 4
Dimensions and weight
Weight 23.1 t
Length ~ 10 m
Width ~ 2.7 m
Height ~ 3.5 m
Armament
Caliber 220 mm
Number of tubes 16
Rocket weight 280 kg
Warhead weight 90 - 100 kg
Firing range 36 km
Full salvo duration 9 / 20 s
Reloading time 15 minutes
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-238 diesel
Engine power 330 hp
Maximum road speed 1 350 km/h
Range 85 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench up to 2 m
Fording 1.5 m

 

   The Uragan-M is a Belarusian upgrade of the Soviet Uragan multiple launch rocket system. By 2016 Belarusian military operated a total of 72 Uragan launcher vehicles. Furthermore there were still plenty of rockets for the Uragan in storage. However the Uragan was adopted back in the 1975 and it becomes increasingly hard to maintain these ageing systems and keep them in operational service. Production of its ZiL-135LMP wheeled chassis ended years ago. Upgrade program was needed in order to keep these artillery systems in operational service. The modernized Uragan-M was trialed by Belarusian military in 2019. During the same year a small number of these systems were dispatched to military units. Furthermore some sources report that Belarusian Uragan-M has been exported and saw combat. Though it was not specified who was the customer of this system.

   The modernized Uragan-M artillery system uses chassis of a MAZ-631705 military truck. Launcher is similar to that of the Uragan. There are 16 launch tubes for 220 mm rockets. Modernized launcher vehicles are fitted with automated fire control system and modern communications suite.

   The Uragan-M is very effective against area targets. It can fire single rockets or full salvo. A full salvo of this artillery system covers area of 4.3 hectares.

   A standard rocket is 4.8 m long and weights 280 kg. Warhead weight is 90-100 kg, depending on the type. This system fires training, HE-FRAG, chemical, incendiary, fuel-air explosive, cluster rockets with scatterable anti-tank or anti-personnel mines. These are used for remote mine laying. It can also fire leaflet dispensing rockets. Maximum range of fire is 36 km.

   The Uragan-M has brief reaction and redeployment time. It takes 8-10 minutes from traveling to stop and prepare this artillery system for firing. Once in the state of readiness it takes 3 minutes to fire the rockets. It takes another 1.5 minutes to leave the firing position. Brief redeployment time allows to avoid counter-battery fire.

   Vehicle has a double cab which accommodates the crew. This artillery system is operated by a crew of 4. The crew can fire the rockets without leaving the cabin. However there is also a remotely controlled unit, which allows to launch missiles remotely from the vehicle.

   Vehicle is powered by a Russian YaMZ-238 diesel engine, developing 330 hp. This engine is very fuel efficient. On full tanks of fuel vehicle can travel up to 1 350 km. It has a full-time 6x6 configuration and significant ground clearance. This results in good cross-country mobility. A self-recovery winch and central tyre inflation systems are fitted as standard.

   The Uragan-M launcher vehicle is supported by a modernized reloading vehicle. It is fitted with a crane and carries a full set of reload rockets. It is based on the same MAZ 6x6 military truck chassis. It takes 15 minutes to reload the launcher vehicle. Reloading usually takes place remotely from firing position in order to avoid counter-battery fire.

   Interestingly other former Soviet republics, including Russia and Ukraine also developed new versions of the Uragan. Russia went for a newly-built Uragan-1M, while Ukraine proposed a similar upgrade to Belarusian one, but based on the KrAZ heavy military truck. It is called Bastion 3.

 

 

 
Uragan-M artillery rocket system

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Uragan-M artillery rocket system

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Uragan-M artillery rocket system

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Uragan-M artillery rocket system

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Reloading vehicle of the Uragan-M artillery rocket system

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