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Type 95

25-mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun

Type 95 SPAAG

The Type 95 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun may have benefited from Italian technology

Entered service Late 1990s
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 22.5 t
Length 6.71 m
Width 3.2 m
Height 3.4 m
Height (combat order) 4.82 m
Main gun 4 x 25-mm
Missiles 4 x QW-2
Projectile weight ?
Maximum slant range (guns) 2 km
Maximum firing range (guns) 2.5 km
Maximum slant range (missiles) 3.5 km
Maximum firing range (missiles) 6 km
Rate of fire 3 200 rpm
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ~ 1 000 rounds
Missiles 4 x QW-2
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 53 km/h
Range 450 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.5 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m


   The Type 95 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (also referred as the PGZ95) is a Chinese attempt to produce vehicle equivalent to the Russian ZSU-23-4M4 Shilka. Development of this vehicle began in mid 1980s. The Type 95 may have benefited from the Italian Sidam 25-mm SPAAG technology, as China obtained at least one Sidam turret in the mid 1980s. The Type 95 is much more capable than previous Chinese SPAAG designs. Vehicle was revealed in 1999 during a military parade in Beijing. The Type 95 entered service with the Chinese Army in late 1990s. This SPAAG was also proposed for the export customers, however it received no orders.

   The Type 95 is armed with a mix of gun and missile armament. Vehicle is armed with four gas operated 25-mm guns. These guns are based on the Type 87 towed 25-mm twin anti-aircraft gun, introduced in in the mid-1980s. Combined rate of fire is up to 3 200 rpm. Guns are reloaded via an automatic loading mechanism. The Type 95 can fire its guns accurately on the move. Vehicle also has a secondary role against ground targets and can engage light armored vehicles.

   The Type 95 SPAAG also carries up to four QW-2 short-range IR-homing surface-to-air missiles. Air defense missiles are integrated for longer range engagement. The QW-2 are very similar to Russian Igla-1 (SA-16 Gimlet) shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles.

   Firing data is received in digital form from command post vehicle or from the CLC-1 low altitude radar carried by the vehicle. Detection range of this radar is 11 km and tracking range is 6 km. The Type 95 is fitted with a laser rangefinder, computerized fire control system, thermal imaging and TV systems. Vehicle can engage targets in day/night and all-weather conditions. System reaction time is about 10 seconds.

   Armor of the Type 95 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   Vehicle has a crew of two, including commander, gunner and driver.

   A battery of Type 95s comprises of six SPAAG vehicles and one command post vehicle, three ammunition resupply vehicles, one battery testing vehicle and one power supply vehicle. The command post uses similar chassis as the SPAAG and carries a CLC-2 pulse-Doppler surveillance radar. This radar has a maximum range of 45 km and altitude of up to 4.5 km. Other vehicles are based on the 6x6 truck chassis.


Video of the Type 95 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun

Type 95 SPAAG

Type 95 SPAAG

Type 95 SPAAG

Type 95 SPAAG

Type 95 SPAAG

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