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Type 89

122 mm self-propelled howitzer

Type 89 SPH

The Type 89 self-propelled howitzer is currently in service with Chinese Army and Marines

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 1989
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 20 t
Length ~ 6.5 m
Width 3.4 m
Height 2 m
Armament
Main gun 122 mm howitzer
Barrel length 32 calibers
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm
Projectile weight ?
Maximum firing range 18 - 21 km
Maximum rate of fire 6 - 8 rpm
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 40 rounds
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine 12V150L12 diesel
Engine power 450 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.5 m
Fording ~ 1 m
Fording (with preparation) Amphibious

 

   Since the late 1970s a number of 122 mm self-propelled howitzers were developed in China to meet Chinese Army requirements. The PLA required mobile artillery system to provide medium- to long-range indirect fire support for motorized infantry and armored troops and capable of keeping pace with them. However none of them could meet these requirements. The Type 89, also known as the PLZ89, was developed in late 1980s. It was Chinese attempt to develop indigenous self-propelled howitzer with similar capabilities to the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika. The Type 89 is currently in service with Chinese Army and Marines. Several hundred of these artillery systems were built. Currently these are being replaced by the PLZ-07 and PLZ-07B self-propelled howitzers.

   The Type 89 SPH is armed with a 122 mm/L32 howitzer. It is a variant of the towed Type 86 (W-86), which in turn is a copy of the Soviet D-30 towed howitzer. The Type 89 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader. This artillery system is compatible with Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition. Maximum range of fire is 18 km using standard HE projectile and 21 km with extended-range projectiles. Vehicle is fitted with a computerized fire control system.

   Secondary armament consists of a roof-mounted 12.7 mm machine gun.

   Armor of the Type 89 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. Vehicle is fitted with an NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems.

   The Type 89 uses a tracked chassis, developed from the Type 77 amphibious armored personnel carrier. Vehicle is powered by the 12V150L12 diesel engine, developing 450 hp. The Type 89 can be fitted with floatation kit for amphibious operation. Once the kit is fitted it can ford water obstacles such as lakes and rivers.

 

Variants

 

   SH3 is an improved version of the Type 89, developed for export. It can be seen as a China's newly-built equivalent to the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika. It offers greater mobility, improved fire control system and delivers greater firepower than the 2S1 or the Type 89 self-propelled howitzers. The SH3 has been exported to Rwanda.

   PLZ-07 is a successor of the Type 89. This artillery system is widely used by the China's army. It utilizes a similar 122 mm howitzer, but has a new tracked chassis. It has greater mobility, improved fire control system and delivers greater firepower than its predecessor. This artillery system was adopted by the Chinese army in the late 2000s and is fielded in large numbers.

   PLZ-07B is a version of the PLZ-07, developed for China's marine corps. This artillery system is fully-amphibious and can be launched at sea from amphibious assault ships and swim over short distances to shore.

 

 

 

 
Type 89 SPH

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Type 89 SPH

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Type 89 SPH

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Type 89 SPH

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys
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