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Type 83

Multiple launch rocket system

Type 83 MLRS

The Type 83 MLRS saw only limited service

 
 
Entered service 1983
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 17.54 t
Length 6.19 m
Width 2.6 m
Height 3.18 m
Armament
Caliber 273-mm
Number of tubes 4
Rocket weight 484 kg
Warhead weight 134 kg
Firing range 23 - 40 km
Full salvo duration 7.5 s
Reloading time 15 - 20 minutes
Mobility
Engine 12150L diesel
Engine power 300 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 400 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 2.2 m
Fording 1 m

 

   The Chinese Type 83 multiple launch rocket system was developed in the early 1980s. It presumably entered service with Chinese army in 1983. The Type 83 was also known as the WM-40 in its export name. It is China's first large caliber and long-range multiple launch rocket system, however it saw only limited service. Production of the Type 83 ceased in 1988.

   The Type 83 has four launching tubes arranged in a single line. In flight rockets are stabilized by tail fins and high-speed spin. A standard rocket is 4.75 m long and weights 484 kg. The launcher vehicle fires rockets with HE-FRAG, cluster and chemical warheads. The Type 83 can fire single rockets or full salvo. Maximum firing range is 40 km.

   The 273-mm rocket was also used as a target drone to simulate cruise missiles during air defense exercises.

   The Type 83 is reloaded by the help of reloading vehicle, fitted with a crane.

   The Type 83 MLRS is based on the Type 60-I artillery tractor chassis. Vehicle is powered by a 12150L diesel engine, developing 300 horsepower. There are two hydraulic stabilizers at the rear of the vehicle, which can be lowered to the ground to provide more stable firing platform.

   Further development of the Type 83 became the WM-80. It has a 8x8 wheeled chassis, improved firing range and carries more missiles.

 

 
Type 83 MLRS

Type 83 MLRS

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