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Type 83

152-mm self-propelled gun-howitzer

Type 83 howitzer

The Type 83 self-propelled gun-howitzer is assumed to be capable of firing laser-guided projectiles



Entered service 1983
Crew 4 - 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 30 t
Length (gun forward) 7.33 m
Hull length 6.88 m
Width 3.23 m
Height 3.5 m
Armament
Main gun 155-mm
Barrel length ?
Machine guns 1 x 12.7-mm
Muzzle velocity ?
Projectile weight 43.56 kg
Maximum firing range 17.2 - 22 km
Maximum rate of fire 4 rpm
Elevation range - 5 to + 65 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 30 rounds
Machine guns 650 rounds
Mobility
Engine 12150L diesel
Engine power 520 hp
Maximum road speed 55 km/h
Range 450 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 2.7 m
Fording 1.3 m

 

   The Type 83 self-propelled gun-howitzer was developed by NORINCO. The Type 83 is a modified copy of the Soviet 2S3 Akatsiya SPH. The first prototype was completed in 1980. Production of the Type 83 began in 1983 and ceased in 1990. This artillery system was first revealed during a military parade in 1983.

   The Type 83 is developed from the Type 66 152-mm towed gun-howitzer, which is a copy of the Soviet D-20. The Type 83 was additionally fitted with a semi-automatic loader and fume extractor. This artillery system fires all types of ammunition developed for the Type 66 gun-howitzer, however it usually carries only HE-FRAG and smoke rounds. Maximum range of fire is 17.2 km with HE-FRAG projectile and 22 km with indigenous rocket-assisted projectile. A total of 30 rounds are carried. Maximum rate of fire is 4 rounds per minute. Ammunition is loaded through rear or side hatches.

   The Type 83 is assumed to be capable of firing indigenous 152-mm laser-guided projectiles, based on Russian Krasnopol technology. China obtained this technology in late 1990s. This laser guided projectile is designed to defeat armored targets and has a range of 3 - 20 km.

   Secondary armament consists of 12.7-mm machine gun, mounted on top of the roof.

   Armor of this self-propelled howitzer provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   The Type 83 self-propelled gun howitzer is based on the Type 321 tracked utility chassis. Vehicle is powered by the 12150L diesel engine, developing 520 horsepower.

 

Variants

 

   Type 89 multiple launch rocket system;

   Engineering vehicle;

   Armored earthmover.

 

Video of the Type 83 self-propelled gun-howitzer

 
Type 83 howitzer

Type 83 howitzer

Type 83 howitzer

Type 83 howitzer

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