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Type 81

Multiple launch rocket system

Type 81 MLRS

The Type 81 multiple launch rocket system is a Chinese copy of the Soviet BM-21 Grad

Entered service 1982
Crew 6 - 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 15.5 t
Length ?
Width ?
Height ?
Caliber 122-mm
Number of tubes 40
Rocket weight 66.8 kg
Warhead weight 18.3 kg
Firing range 8 - 20 km
Full salvo duration 20 s
Reloading time 8 minutes
Engine ?
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 600 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench 0.6 ~ 1.2 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m


   The Type 81 is a Chinese copy of the Soviet BM-21 Grad. The Type 81 entered service in 1982 and was produced in large numbers. It replaced the older 130-mm 19-tube artillery rocket systems.

   The Type 81 has 40 launching tubes for 122-mm rockets. The standard HE-FRAG rocket is similar to that, used by the BM-21 Grad. It is 2.87 m long and weights 66.8 kg. Maximum range of fire is 20 km. NORINCO has developed a number of specialized warheads for this multiple launch rocket system. These include high-explosive incendiary, cluster warheads with anti-tank or anti-personnel submunitions and mine-laying warheads.

   Rockets can be launched from the inside of the driver's cab or remotely from the vehicle.

   The Type 81 multiple launch rocket system is mounted on the Hongyan OQ261 6x6 truck.

   This artillery rocket system is reloaded manually. Reloading takes about 8 minutes. Reloads are carried by escorting truck.




   Type 83 has 24 tubes, arranged in three rows of 8, and is based on a Dong Feng truck;

   Type 89 is a tracked variant of the Type 81. It also carries 40 reload rockets;

   Type 90 is an improved variant, similar to the Yugoslavian M-77 Oganj, based on a 6x6 truck.


Type 81 MLRS

Type 81 MLRS

Type 81 MLRS

Type 81 MLRS

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