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Tornado-G

Multiple launch rocket system

Tornado-G

The new Tornado-G looks remarkably similar to the ageing Grad

 
 
Entered service 2012
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 14 t
Length 7.35 m
Width 2.5 m
Height 3.1 m
Armament
Caliber 122-mm
Number of tubes 40
Rocket weight 70 kg
Warhead weight 25 kg
Firing range up to 40 km
Full salvo duration 20 s
Reloading time 7 minutes
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-238M2 diesel
Engine power 240 hp
Maximum road speed 85 km/h
Range up to 650 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.55 m
Trench up to 1.2 m
Fording up to 1.75 m

 

   The Tornado-G is an updated version of the Grad. The launcher vehicle is referred as 2B17. Even though it looks remarkably similar to the BM-21 Grad, it has a number of improvements. Rockets of this new system have improved range and more powerful warheads. The Tornado-G is also fitted with automatic positioning, navigation, aiming and laying systems. Development of this artillery rocket systems commenced in the 1990s. It was first revealed in 1998. However due to funding problems first order for 36 units was made only in 2011. First production vehicles were delivered to Russian Army in 2012 and entered service during the same year. It was announced that by 2020 the Tornado-G will completely replace ageing BM-21 Grad in service with the Russian Army.

   Rockets have the same dimensions. A standard rocket weights 70 kg. The Tornado-G rockets are fitted with cluster warheads with self-guided multi-purpose submunitions. These have a range of 30 km and can be used against enemy infantry and armored vehicles. These submunitions penetrate 60 to 100 mm of RHA. Also there are rockets with HE-FRAG warheads. These have a range of up to 40 km. The Tornado-G is also compatible with all previous Grad rockets. Some sources claimed that new rockets of Tornado-G have a maximum range of 90-100 km, however it was not confirmed.

   Vehicle is fitted with modern fire control system. The launcher is aimed without the crew leaving the vehicle. Crew was reduced from three to two soldiers.

   This artillery rocket system has brief redeployment time. The Tornado-G can launch full salvo and leave firing position before the rockets hit the ground. When the first rockets hit the target the launcher vehicle may be already located 4-5 km away from its original firing position. It gives the vehicle shoot-and-scoot capability.

   The launcher vehicle is based on Ural-4320 6x6 army truck. It is powered by a YaMZ-238M2 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 240 hp. It is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive and is fitted with central tyre pressure system.

   Reload rockets are carried by escorting truck. Reloading is performed manually by the crew within 7 minutes. Reloading usually takes place remotely from firing position in order to avoid counter-battery fire.

   Recently another updated version of the Grad appeared in Russia. It is based on KamAZ-5350 6x6 truck. This multiple launch rocket system is referred as Grad-K. The launcher vehicle is referred as 2B26.

 

Video of the Tornado-G artillery rocket system

 
Tornado-G

Tornado-G

Tornado-G

Tornado-G

Tornado-G

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