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T-122 Sakarya

Multiple launch rocket system

T-122 Sakarya

The T-122 Sakarya artillery rocket system is a Turkish variant of the BM-21 Grad

Entered service 1997
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 22.2 t
Length 9.2 m
Width 2.5 m
Height 3.1 m
Caliber 122-mm
Number of tubes 40
Rocket weight ?
Warhead weight ?
Firing range 3 - 40 km
Full salvo duration 80 s
Reloading time ?
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 75 km/h
Range 970 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 1 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m


   The T-122 Sakarya multiple launch rocket system is a Turkish variant of the BM-21 Grad. Prototype of this system was revealed in 1995. First vehicles were delivered to the Turkish Army for trials and evaluation in 1996 and full-rate production commenced in 1997. This artillery system is produced locally by the MKEM. By 2008 more than 72 systems have been delivered and production still continues. It is also proposed for export customers.

   It is an autonomous artillery rocket system, used for indirect fire support against aerial targets, enemy artillery units, air defense systems, command centers and supply lines. It is mostly used in hit-and-run style attacks.

   There are two packs of 122-mm launch tubes. Each pack contains 20 launch tubes. The launcher is hydraulically traversed and elevated. The T-122 Sakarya fires rockets indigenously developed and manufactured by MKEK and Roketsan. The system is also compatible with 122-mm rockets of the BM-21 Grad and similar systems. Rockets are fitted with HE-FRAG and cluster warheads. The last mentioned contains anti-personnel or anti-tank submunitions. Maximum range of fire with extended-range rockets is up to 40 km.

   It is worth mentioning that launcher packs of the T-122 are also used on Azerbaijan Lynx and Kazakhstan's Naiza artillery rocket systems.

   The T-122 Sakarya MLRS is fitted with a modern on-board fire control system. It calculates firing data automatically for rockets with different warheads. It also stores up to 20 target locations. Launcher vehicle can fire single rockets or full salvo. A full salvo of 40 rockets is launched in 80 seconds. It covers area of 500 x 500 m.

   Four stabilizers are lowered to the ground to provide a more stable firing platform. A crew of five prepares the launch vehicle for firing within several minutes. In emergency case the launcher vehicle can be operated by a crew of three.

   Earlier production model of the T-122 Sakarya launcher vehicle is based on the German MAN 26.281 heavy utility truck. It is fitted with a roof-mounted 7.62-mm machine gun.

   Improved variant of the T-122 was revealed in 2005. It is based on the MAN 26.372 truck. The same military truck is also used as the launcher vehicle for the T-300 Kasirga. Improved system is fitted with factory-sealed rocket pods. These were specifically designed to resists severe environmental conditions. Maintenance-free pods are loaded and sealed in the factory. Pods are disposed after all rockets are launched. Such artillery system has a shorter reloading time. The MAN 26.372 can be fitted with add-on armor and NBC protection system. This truck is also fitted with a roof-mounted 7.62-mm machine gun.

   Reloading of the T-122 Sakarya is assisted by a hydraulic crane, which is mounted on the launcher vehicle. Improved variant with disposable rocket pods is reloaded within 5 minutes.

   Typically a battery of T-122 includes six launcher vehicles and command vehicle, however a single launcher vehicle can operate independently.

   Information on the T-122 Sakarya was sent us by SERGEI V. GUROV

   Thank you Sergei!

    Send us your own articles. Please visit guidelines for writers for more information.

Improved variant of the T-122 Sakarya

T-122 Sakarya

T-122 Sakarya

T-122 Sakarya

T-122 Sakarya

T-122 Sakarya

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