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SH-2

122 mm self-propelled howitzer

SH2 SPH

The Chinese SH-2 truck-mounted self-propelled howitzer is aimed at the export market

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 2020
Crew 4 - 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 11.5 t
Length (gun forward) ?
Hull length ?
Width ?
Height ?
Armament
Main gun 122 mm howitzer
Barrel length 38 calibers
Machine guns ?
Projectile weight ?
Maximum firing range 22 - 27 km
Maximum rate of fire 6 - 8 rpm
Elevation range 0 to + 70 degrees
Traverse range 30 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 24 rounds
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power 215 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Range 600 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 1 m
Fording ~ 1 m

 

   The SH-2 artillery system is the second Chinese 6x6 truck-mounted howitzer. This artillery system was revealed in 2007. Details of the SH-2 were released at the same time as were details of the larger SH-1 155 mm truck-mounted howitzer. The SH-2 was mainly aimed at the export market. It was planned, that if design proves to be successful it may enter service with the Chinese airborne force or marines. However eventually this artillery system was not adopted by China's military. For many years this unusual artillery system was offered without any success. First export operator of the SH-2 became Nigeria. First deliveries to this country were made in 2020.

   The SH-2 is armed with a 122 mm howitzer. It was developed from the PL-96 towed howitzer (Chinese copy of the Soviet D-30). The PL96 howitzer is also used in a number of Chinese tracked artillery systems, including the Type 89 and Type 85 122 mm SPHs. The SH-2 is compatible with the D-30 ammunition. Maximum range of fire depends on projectile and charge combination. It is 22 km with extended-range projectile and 27 km with rocket-assisted projectile. The SH-2 is capable of firing indigenous copy of the Russian Kitolov 122 mm precision guided projectile. In 2001 Russian official confirmed that the Kitolov laser-guided projectiles are produced in China.

   The SH-2 can launch its first round in less than one minute. Two hydraulically operated stabilizers are lowered before firing. A typical shoot-and-scoot mission of stopping, firing six rounds and transforming back to traveling mode can be completed within 3 minutes.

   Vehicle has a crew of 4-5 men. An armored cab protects the crew from small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. The SH-2 is also fitted with NBC protection system.

   The SH-2 is based on a new 6x6 light utility truck chassis. It is a new design, however it was obviously developed from the HMMWV utility vehicle. Both the front and rear axles are steering. Vehicle is powered by a diesel engine, developing 215 hp. It is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. The same chassis was used for a other Chinese artillery systems, such as the SH-5.

   The SH-2 can be airlifted by most medium transport aircraft.

 

Variants

 

   SH-5 is a similar artillery system, based on the same 6x6 chassis. Though it is fitted with a lighter 105 mm howitzer.

   There is also a 152 mm version, based on the same 6x6 chassis. It mounts a modified ordnance of the PL-66 gun-howitzer. It was first publicly revealed in 2018.

 

 

 
SH2 SPH

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SH2 SPH

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SH2 SPH

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys
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