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Raad 1

122 mm self-propelled howitzer

Raad 1 SPH

The Raad 1 self-propelled howitzer is based on well proven automotive and artillery components

Country of origin Iran
Entered service 1996 (?)
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 17.5 t
Length (gun forward) 6.72 m
Hull length 6.72 m
Width 3.1 m
Height ?
Main gun 122 mm howitzer
Barrel length ?
Machine guns -
Projectile weight 14.08 - 21.76 kg
Maximum firing range 15.2 km
Maximum rate of fire 4 - 5 rpm
Elevation range - 3 to + 70 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 40 rounds
Machine guns -
Engine diesel
Engine power 298 / 330 hp
Maximum road speed 65 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 2.2 m
Fording Amphibious


   The Raad 1 (Thunder-1) self-propelled howitzer was locally made in Iran and successfully tested in 1996. It is speculated that the Raad 1 was accepted to service and is in production. However its current status is uncertain.

   The Raad 1 is fitted with a turret from the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika self-propelled howitzer. Some howitzers were locally modified. Vehicle is fitted with a load assisting system and has maximum rate of fire of 4-5 rounds per minute. The Raad 1 fires all standard Soviet 122 mm projectiles, including HE-FRAG, HEAT, cluster, smoke and illumination. Maximum range of fire is 15.2 km with HE-FRAG projectile. A total of 40 projectiles are carried.

   The Raad 1 has got no secondary armament for self-defense against infantry and low-flying helicopters.

   Vehicle has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   This self-propelled howitzer provides armor protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   The Raad 1 is based on the Iranian-made Boragh armored personnel carrier. The Boragh is a conversion of the either Soviet BMP-1 or Chinese Type 86 IFVs. Vehicle is fitted with a diesel engine. The Raad 1 is fully amphibious with the minimum of preparation. On water vehicle is propelled by its tracks.






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