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PzH 2000

155 mm self-propelled howitzer

PzH 2000 SPH

The PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzer is one of the most powerful artillery systems currently deployed

 
 
Country of origin Germany
Entered service 1998
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 55 t
Length (gun forward) 11.67 m
Hull length 7.87 m
Width 3.48 m
Height 3.4 m
Armament
Main gun 155 mm
Barrel length 52 calibers
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm
Projectile weight 43.5 kg
Maximum firing range 30 / 40 km
Maximum rate of fire 9 rpm
Elevation range - 2.5 to + 65 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 60 rounds
Machine guns 1 500 - 2 000 rounds
Mobility
Engine MTU MT881 Ka-500 diesel
Engine power 1 000 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 420 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 1.1 m
Trench 3 m
Fording 1.5 m

 

   Development of the PzH 2000 (Panzerhaubitze) began in 1987. It evolved from the international SP70 programme, which was cancelled in 1980s due to funding problems. Prototype of the PzH 2000 was completed in 1993. Initially German Army planned to order a total of 1 254 new self-propelled howitzers, however in 1996, due to the end of Cold War, a contract was signed only for 185 artillery systems. First systems were delivered to the German Army in 1998. Export operators of the PzH 2000 are Croatia (12), Greece (25), Italy (68), Lithuania (21), Netherlands (57), and Qatar (24). This artillery system saw action in Afghanistan.

   The PzH 2000 is fitted with a 155 mm/L52 howitzer. Vehicle has a fully-automatic loading system with ammunition management system. The PzH 2000 is compatible with standard NATO 155 mm ammunition. Maximum range of fire is 30 km with standard HE-FRAG projectile and 40 km with base bleed projectile. Using a South African VLAP rocket-assisted projectile a range of 56 km can be achieved. Maximum rate of fire is 9 rounds per minute. It is capable of Multiple Round Simultaneous Impact (MRSI) firing. A total of 60 rounds are stowed in a magazine.

   Secondary armament consists of a roof-mounted 7.62 mm machine gun.

   The PzH 2000 receives target data via datalink. The gun is automatically laid using the fire control data.

   Front armor of the PzH 2000 provides protection against 14.5 mm rounds. All-round protection is against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. Explosive reactive armor can be fitted if necessary. The PzH 2000 is also fitted with automatic fire suppression and NBC protection systems.

   The PzH 2000 has a crew of five, including commander, gunner, two loaders and driver. Target engagements can be carried out by a crew of two men. Loaders are employed only when autoloader fails.

   Chassis of the PzH 2000 uses some components of the Leopard 2 main battle tank. Vehicle is powered by the MTU MT881 Ka-500 supercharged diesel engine, developing 1 000 hp. The PzH 2000 is also fitted with auxiliary power unit, powering all systems, when the main engine is turned off.

   The PzH 2000 is reloaded by two operators. Projectiles are automatically picked up from the back of the vehicle and stowed in the autoloader's magazine. This self-propelled howitzer is replenished in less than 12 minutes.

 

Variants

 

   MONARC (Modular Naval Artillery Concept), study about mounting turret of the PzH 2000 howitzer on a naval ship. It was mounted on the deck of Hamburg, a Sachsen class frigate.

   AGM (Artillery Gun Module) 155 mm self-propelled howitzer. It is a modified variant of the PzH 2000. It was developed as a supplement to the PzH 2000 where heavier weaponry is not available, recommendable or too expensive. This artillery system is operated by a crew of two men. It is significantly lighter alternative to the PzH 2000, but provides the same performance. First prototype was mounted on a tracked chassis of the M270 MLRS. Though unmanned AGM turret can be integrated on various other chassis, or even used as a standalone unit. The AGM is air-transportable.

   Donar 155 mm self-propelled howitzer, further development of the Artillery Gun Module, based on  ASCOD 2 IFV tracked chassis. The Donar is mainly aimed at the export customers.

   Boxer RCH 155 is another integration of the Artillery Gun Module, based on a Boxer 8x8 armored personnel carrier. This artillery system retains features and performance parameters of the PzH 2000. It was introduced in 2014. Initial firing trials took place during the same year.

 

 
PzH 2000 SPH

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PzH 2000 SPH

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PzH 2000 SPH

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PzH 2000 SPH

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PzH 2000 SPH

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