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PZH-10

Multiple launch rocket system

PZH-10 artillery rocket system

The China's PZH-10 shares some similarities with a US M270 MLRS artillery rocket system

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 20 t
Length ~ 7.5
Width ~ 3.2 m
Height ~ 3.2 m
Armament
Caliber 122 mm
Number of tubes 40
Rocket weight 66 kg
Warhead weight 18.3 kg
Firing range up to 50 km
Full salvo duration ~ 20 s
Reloading time ~ 10 minutes
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power ~ 600 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 65 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.7 m
Trench ~ 1.8 m
Fording ~ 1.5 m

 

   The PZH-10 is a new China's artillery rocket system. It was developed to supplement and replace the older PZH-89, also known as the Type 89. First pictures of this artillery rocket system emerged in 2012. By 2017 the PZH-10 was already in service with China's army. Previously china developed and operated a number of different artillery rocket systems.

   The PZH-10 was designed to support armored troops. Its tracked chassis enables it to keep up with main battle tanks. Also it has a lightly armored cabin, which provides some degree of protection for the crew. The main role of the PZH-10 is to engage area targets, such as concentration of troops and equipment, airfields, command posts, and other important targets.

   The PZH-10 shares some similarities with a US M270 MLRS, though Chinese system it uses way less powerful rockets and lacks integral crane for reloading. So far this artillery rocket system was seen with 122 mm rockets. However by the looks of it the PZH-10 is a modular system, which can also use other interchangeable rocket pods. The chassis was clearly designed to accept larger pods. China already developed modular medium-range artillery rocket systems, such as the SR-5. Possibly the PZH-10 has a capability to launch 220 mm artillery rockets, as wel as WS-33 and WS-43 missiles. The WS-33 has a 70 km range and GPS guidance, while the WS-43 is a loitering munition with a range 60 km.

   The PZH-10 has two pods with 20 tubes each. It fires 122 mm artillery rockets. These rockets were originally developed for the Soviet BM-21 Grad and are widely used around the world. In fact currently 122 mm rockets are the most widely used artillery rockets in the world. Rockets with various warheads are available, including HE-FRAG, smoke, incendiary and illumination. Also there are cluster warheads with anti-tank or anti-personnel submunitions, as well as some other specialized warheads. A standard high-explosive rocket is 2.87 m long and weights 66 kg. It has a maximum range of 20 km. An extended-range rocket is 2.76 m long and weights 61 kg. Its maximum range is 30 km. China developed new rockets with a range of up to 50 km. A full salvo of the PZH-10 covers an area of 0.8-1 hectares.

   Rocket pods are factory-fitted and sealed. These double as transport containers and launchers. The same pods with 122 rockets are used by SR-4, SR-5, PR-50, WS-22, and some other recent Chinese artillery rocket systems.

   The PZH-10 has a brief reaction and redeployment time. This artillery system can launch all of its rockets within minutes from travelling. Once the rockets are launched the PZH-10 can briefly leave its position. Similar artillery rocket systems are typically used for shoot-and-scoot type attacks.

   The PZH-10 artillery rocket system is powered by a diesel engine, developing around 600 hp.

   The PZH-10 is escorted by a reloading vehicle, based on an 8x8 heavy-duty military truck. It is fitted with a crane and carries pods with reload rockets. It seems that in case of emergency empty rocket pods of the PZH-10 with 122 mm rockets can be reloaded manually by the crew within around 10 minutes. Reloading usually takes place remotely from firing position, in order to avoid counter-battery fire.

   Normally each PZH-10 launcher vehicles operate in batteries, however each launcher vehicle can also operate autonomously.

 

 
PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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PZH-10 artillery rocket system

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