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Polonez

Multiple launch rocket system

Polonez

Most likely that the Belarusian Polonez artillery rocket system uses Chinese A200 rockets

 
 
Entered service Expected in 2016
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 40 t
Length ~ 12 m
Width ~ 3 m
Height ~ 3 m
Armament
Caliber 300-mm
Number of tubes 8
Rocket weight 750 kg
Warhead weight 100 ~ 150 kg
Firing range 50 - 200 km
Full salvo duration 50 s
Reloading time ~ 8 minutes
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-846 diesel
Engine power 500 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 45%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 2 m
Fording 1.4 m

 

   The Polonez is a new Belarusian multiple launch rocket system. It was developed to replace older Soviet 220-mm Uragan and 300-mm Smerch artillery rocket systems. It is likely that development of the Polonez was assisted by China. It strongly resembles the latest Chinese A200 artillery rocket system, rather than latest Russian designs.

   The Polonez was first publicly released in 2015. As of 2015 at least two of these systems are in service with armed forces of Belarus. It has been reported that full-scale deliveries to Belarusian armed forces will commence in 2016. It has been reported that as of 2015 Belarus operates 72 Uragan and 36 Smerch systems. These artillery rocket systems, particularly Uragan are being increasingly harder to maintain due to their age and worn-out condition. Older systems are being gradually retired. It is worth noting that Belarus also operates a smaller indigenous BM-21A BelGrad 122-mm rocket systems.

   The Polonez heavy artillery system carries two pods with four 300-mm rockets each. It is most likely that the Polonez uses Chinese A200 artillery rockets. Each rocket is 7.26 m long and weights 750 kg. The pods are factory fitted and sealed. It has been reported that the Polonez is a modular system, that can also fire pods with rockets of other caliber.

   It has been reported that range of fire is 50 to up to 200 km. Rockets have a combined inertial and GPS guidance. CEP is about 30 to 50 meters. It is also claimed that there are 3 different warheads. Comparing with Smerch missiles of the Polonez have twice the range, but likely at a cost of reduced firepower.

   Launcher is capable of single or salvo firing. It takes 50 seconds to launch a full salvo of 8 rockets. It is claimed that each rocket can be targeted individually. So the Polonez can hit up to 8 targets simultaneously. Polonez and other heavy artillery rocket systems are extremely effective against concentrations of troops, artillery and air defense batteries, airfields, command posts and other area targets. Also due to its claimed range of 200 km the Polonez can hit targets well behind enemy lines.

   This artillery system is operated by a crew of 3, including commander, driver and operator. Rockets can be launched directly from the cab, or remotely from the vehicle, by using a remote control unit.

   The Polonez is based on MZKT-7930 heavy high mobility chassis. The same 8x8 chassis is used as a base for a number of Russian missile systems and other applications. Vehicle is powered by a YaMZ-846 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 500 hp. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive and is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. It has good cross-country mobility and can operate off-road.

   This artillery rocket system is well suited for shoot-and-scoot missions. From travelling it takes only a couple of minutes to prepare the launcher vehicle for launch. Once the rockets are fired vehicle can briefly redeploy in order to avoid counter-battery fire.

   Each Polonez artillery rocket system is supported by an associated reloading vehicle, that is fitted with hydraulic crane and carries two pods with 8 reload rockets. Reloading usually takes place remotely from firing position in order to avoid counter-battery fire.

   A battery of these artillery system is also supported by an associated command post vehicle, based on MAZ-6317 6x6 military truck. However if required, each Polonez launcher can operate independently.

 

Video of the Polonez multiple-launch rocket system

 
Polonez

Polonez

Polonez

Polonez

Polonez


 
Polonez

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