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120 mm self-propelled mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

The Chinese PLL05 is a Chinese development, however it resembles Russian mortar systems

Country of origin China
Entered service 2008
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 16.5 t
Length 6.7 m
Width 2.8 m
Height 2.8 m
Main gun 120 mm gun/mortar
Barrel length ?
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm
Projectile weight ~ 17 kg
Maximum firing range 7.1 / 8.8 / 12.8 km
Maximum rate of fire 8 - 10 rpm
Elevation range - 4 to + 80 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 36 rounds
Machine guns ?
Engine Deutz BF8L413F diesel
Engine power 320 hp
Maximum road speed 85 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 8 km/h
Range 800 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 1.2 m
Fording Amphibious


   The PLL05, also referred as the Type 05, self-propelled mortar system is a Chinese development. It was introduced in 2001. This vehicle was originally designed for export market, however no orders were placed. In 2008 a modified variant with redesigned turret was adopted by the Chinese army. This artillery system is used to support mechanized infantry troops. It is typically used alongside other armored vehicles.

   It is worth mentioning that the gun-mortar system concept was first developed by the Soviet Union on the 2S9 Nona-S tracked mortar system, intended for the air assault divisions. It was followed by the 2S23 Nona-SVK based on the BTR-80 wheeled chassis. In 1997 China planned to acquire about 100 units of the Russian 2S23 Nona-SVK mortar system, but no deliveries were made. Nevertheless China bought three 2S9 Nona-S mortar systems from Ukraine in 2000. The PLL05 is very similar to the Nona-SVK, while turret design also resembles the Russian mortar system.

   The PLL05 is armed with a 120 mm breach-loaded gun/mortar. It is fitted with a semi-automatic loader. This weapon combines features of both mortar and howitzer. Vehicle fires rifled rounds and all 120 mm mortar mines. The PLL05 is capable of direct and indirect firing. Maximum range of fire is 8.8 km with ordinary projectiles, 12.8 km with rocket assisted projectiles and 7.1 km with mortar mines. The PLL05 can also engage armored vehicles with the HE-AT rounds. This mortar system is also compatible with Russian KM-8 Gran precision guided mortar rounds, that have a range of 9 km. Turret of the PLL05 can traverse through 360 degrees. In contrast the Nona-SVK has a traverse range of only 70 degrees. Rate of fire depends on the projectile type and varies between 4 and 10 rounds per minute.

   Secondary armament consists of 12.7 mm machine gun, mounted on top of the roof. It is used for self-defense.

   Armor of this mortar system provides all-round protection against 7.62 mm armor-piercing rounds and artillery shell splinters. Front arc withstands hits from 12.7 mm rounds. The PLL05 is fitted with automatic fire suppression and NBC protection systems.

   Vehicle has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   The PLL05 uses 6x6 chassis of the Type 92 armored personnel carrier. Vehicle is powered by the Deutz BF8L413F turbocharged diesel engine, developing 320 hp. Engine is mounted in the middle. It is mated to a manual gearbox with 9-forward and 1-reverse speeds. Two front axles are steerable. The PLL05 is fully amphibious. On water it is powered by two waterjets.

   The PLL05 is highly mobile and can be rapidly deployed using road and motorway network. Two of these vehicles can be airlifted by the Y-8 tactical transport aircraft, and three by the new Y-20 heavy lifter.




   WMA029 is an export version of the PLL05. It seems that so far it received no production orders.

   PLZ-05A is a tracked variant, based on the hull of ZBD-08 infantry fighting vehicle. In concept it is similar to the Russian 2S31 Vena;

   Type 07PA, wheeled export version, based on 8x8 armored personnel carrier. Its export designation is CS/SM2.


Video of the PLL 05 self-propelled mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

PLL05 mortar system

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