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35-mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun


The Loara SPAAG can track and identify up to 64 air targets simultaneously

Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 45.3 t
Length 6.67 m
Width 3.47 m
Height 2.19 m
Main gun 2 x 35-mm
Machine guns -
Projectile weight 1.39 kg
Maximum slant range 4 km
Maximum firing range ?
Rate of fire 1 100 rpm
Elevation range - 5 to + 85 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns -
Engine S-12U diesel
Engine power 850 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 2.8 m
Fording 1.2 m


   The Loara self-propelled anti-aircraft gun was developed in Poland in late 1990s. Vehicle successfully passed trials in 2001. Polish Army ordered a small number of these SPAAG systems. Polish Army requirement is for 70 - 80 vehicles of this type. Deliveries are expected in near future.

   The Loara is fitted with two Oerlikon KDA 35-mm guns. Currently this gun is license produced in Poland. Rate of fire of each gun is 550 rounds per minute. Maximum range of fire against air targets is 4 km. The Loara SPAAG is also effective against light armored ground targets.

   The Loara is fitted with surveillance and tracking radars, laser rangefinder and radar based fire control system. The Loara is fitted with friend-or-foe identification system. Radar has a range of 26 km and can track and identify up to 64 targets at once. The radar can be operated on the move. The Loara has all-weather day/night capability and can operate in under heavy electronic counter measures. The system has short reaction time of less than 10 seconds.

   The Loara SPAAG is based on the Polish PT-91 main battle tank chassis, which is an improved variant of the Soviet T-72 MBT. Vehicle is fitted with the S-12U diesel engine, developing 850 horsepower. However since 2012 production of the S-12U engine stopped. Another engine was proposed as an alternative. It is German MTU-881 Ka500. However it do not fits in the Loara's hull. In 2014 it was reported that Poland plans to acquire 120 tracked chassis of the South Korean K9 self-propelled howitzer. Some of these might be used to mount turret of the Loara.




   Loara-R surface-to-air missile system, fitted with Rbs.23 BAMSE of SAHV-3 missiles. This SAM system was developed to replace both the ageing ZSU-23-4 Shilka and Strela-10 (SA-13 Gopher) in service with the Polish Army, however this project was cancelled.


Video of the Loara self-propelled anti-aircraft gun





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