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122-mm self-propelled howitzer


The Khalifa is simple and mobile truck-mounted artillery system designed for rapid

Country of origin Sudan
Entered service ?
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 20.5 t
Length 9 m
Width 2.67 m
Height 3.49 m
Main gun 122 mm
Barrel length 38 calibers
Machine guns -
Projectile weight 14 - 22 kg
Maximum firing range 17 km
Maximum rate of fire 8 rpm
Elevation range - 5 to + 70 degrees
Traverse range 80 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 45 rounds
Machine guns -
Engine KamAZ-740.13-260
Engine power 260 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Range 450 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.55 m
Trench 0.6 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m


   The Khalifa GHY02 is an artillery system developed in Sudan by a state-run Military Industry Corporation. It is a combination of Soviet D-30 towed howitzer, mounted on a Russian KamAZ 6x6 military truck. This artillery system was first revealed in 2013.

   It is a simple and mobile artillery system designed for rapid intervention and response. This artillery system is armed with a refurbished D-30 towed howitzer. This Soviet howitzer was produced in large numbers, widely exported, and many countries have plenty of 122 mm ammunition in stock. These are the reasons why 122 mm caliber truck-mounted howitzers can be more preferable over Russian 152 mm or NATO 155 mm calibers. Other recent 122 mm truck-mounted howitzers are the Chinese PCL-09, SH2, Kazakh Semser, Serbian SORA, SOKO SP RR 122 and some other.

   The Khalifa is intended for general fire support. A turntable with a howitzer is mounted at the rear. A large spade and hydraulic jacks are lowered to the ground prior to firing. These provide a more stable firing platform. Maximum range of fire is 17 km. This howitzer is also capable of direct firing. Maximum rate of fire of 8 rounds per minute. Vehicle carries 45 rounds of onboard ammunition. It also carries spare parts for the howitzer and tools.

   Truck-mounted howitzers are more mobile and are capable of rapid response. The Khalifa has brief reaction and redeployment time. It can fire its first round from travelling within 1.5 minutes. It takes about the same time to leave firing position. So Khalifa can fire a couple of rounds and leave firing position before enemy detects its position and opens counter-battery fire. Vehicle has an automatic fire control system.

   This artillery system has a crew of five. All crewmembers are seated in a newly-developed armored cab. It provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   The Khalifa is based on Russian KamAZ-43118 military truck with redesigned chassis and cab. This truck is produced both for civil and military operators. Vehicle is powered by a turbocharged diesel, developing 260 hp. Engine is coupled with a manual gearbox. Vehicle has an all-wheel drive configuration and can go over all kinds of terrain. The Khalifa can be airlifted by most medium cargo aircraft.












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