Home > Artillery > Fadjr 3

Fadjr 3

Multiple launch rocket system

Fadjr 3

Back in the 1980s the Iranian Fadjr 3 was one of the most capable artillery rocket system in the world

 
 
Country of origin Iran
Entered service Early 1990s
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 15 t
Length ~ 10.5 m
Width ~ 3.3 m
Height ~ 2.6 m
Armament
Caliber 240 mm
Number of tubes 12
Rocket weight 407 kg
Warhead weight 90 kg
Firing range 43 km
Full salvo duration 48 - 96 s
Reloading time ?
Mobility
Engine Mercedes-Benz diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range ~ 600 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording ~ 1 m

 

   In the 1980s Iran obtained artillery rocket production technology from North Korea. Iran have taken delivery of 9 North Korean M1985 artillery rocket systems. These were based on a Japanese Isuzu 6x6 truck. It is understood that production technology has also been transferred to Iran. Iranian artillery system is known as the Fadjr 3 (Dawn 3). Sometimes it is referred as the Fajr 3. Its production reportedly commenced in 1990. It was the first Iranian large-caliber artillery rocket system. The most notable difference of the Iranian-produced version was that it was based on a Mercedes-Benz 2624 truck chassis. This artillery rocket system is still used in Iran. It has been reportedly exported to Syria. Iran also supplied these artillery rocket systems to Hezbollah militants in Lebanon.

   Despite simplistic appearance the Fadjr 3 is a very capable system. At the time of its introduction it was one of the most capable artillery rocket systems in the world. In some cases it even outperformed a contemporary Soviet Uragan and a US M270 MLRS.

   This artillery rocket system is intended to engage important enemy targets, such as concentrations of troops and armored vehicles, command posts, artillery batteries, radar sites, airfields, as well as other important targets. Range of this system allows to strike targets behind enemy lines. This rocket system is also intended to engage hostile warships.

   The Fadjr 3 has 12 launching tubes for 240 mm unguided spin-stabilized rockets. The type is easily identified by its two rows of 6 tubes. A standard rocket is 5.2 m long and weights 407 kg. It HE-FRAG warhead weights 90 kg and contains 45 kg of explosives. Other types of warheads exist, including incendiary, smoke and chemical. It is claimed that maximum range of fire is 43 km.

   Operator can launch all rockets in full salvo, or just individual rocket manually. This artillery system can launch one rocket every 4 or 8 seconds. So it takes 48 to 96 seconds to launch all 12 rockets.

   The original North Korean M1985 was based on the Japanese Isuzu 6x6 truck. However Iranian version was based on a commercially available Mercedes-Benz 2624 truck with 6x6 configuration. This truck was license-produced in Iran. At some point these artillery systems were refurbished and based on a newer Mercedes-Benz 2631 truck chassis, also with 6x6 configuration. Upgraded vehicles have improved cross-country mobility.

   This artillery rocket system is operated by a crew of 5 men. The forward cab accommodates 3 crew members, while the rest are seated on bench seats behind the cabin. Some of these North Korean artillery rocket systems are fitted with a second crew cabin behind the main vehicle cabin.

   This artillery system has manual controls for the launchers. Upgraded version of the Fadjr 3 is fitted with ballistic computer, which makes all the necessary calculations required to aim the launchers. Stabilizer jacks are lowered to the ground and windows are covered prior to launch in order to protect the crew from debris created by the rocket engines. Once the rockets are launched the vehicle can leave its firing position within 2 minutes.

   Reload rockets are carried by escorting military truck, fitted with a crane. It carries one complete reload. Reloading would normally be carried out well away from the firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire. A typical battery of the Fadjr 3 consists of five launching vehicles. There is also an associated battery command post vehicle, which controls the launcher vehicles and provides firing coordinates.

 

Variants

 

   Fadjr 5 is a larger and more powerful version of the Fadjr 3. It has 4 launch tubes for 333 mm artillery rockets. It was developed in the 1990s.

 

 

 
Fadjr 3

Expand image

Fadjr 3

Expand image

Fadjr 3

Expand image

Fadjr 3

Expand image

Fadjr 3

Expand image
 
Fadjr 3

Expand image

 

Personal appeal from Andrius Genys
Please Read

Top 10 Self-Propelled Howitzers
Top 10 Self-Propelled Howitzers

Top 10 Truck-Mounted Howitzers
Top 10 Truck-Mounted Howitzers

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Home  Home     Aircraft     Helicopters     Tanks     Armored Vehicles     Artillery     Trucks     Engineering Vehicles     Missiles     Naval Forces     Firearms     |     Contact Us
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ARG 2006 - 2021
www.Military-Today.com Fadjr 3