Home > Artillery > BTR-ZD


23-mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun


The BTR-ZD is a combination of airborne APC and anti-aircraft gun

Entered service ?
Crew 12 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 8 t
Length 5.88 m
Width 2.63 m
Height (hull roof) 2 m
Main gun 2 x 23-mm
Machine guns 2 x 7.62-mm
Projectile weight 0.18 kg
Maximum slant range 2 km
Maximum firing range 2.5 km
Rate of fire 2 000 rpm
Elevation range + 90 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns 2 000 rounds
Engine 5D20 diesel
Engine power 240 hp
Maximum road speed 62 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 2 m
Fording Amphibious


   The BTR-ZD is an airborne armored personnel carrier, used to carry two MANPAD teams. It is usually used in combination with the ZU-23-2 towed anti-aircraft gun, mounted on top of the roof. This air defense vehicle is in service with the Russian airborne troops and possibly with some other former Soviet republics.

   This vehicle is intended to protect airborne units against  helicopters, however it is also effective against ground targets, suppressing enemy fire. This combination proved successful during Soviet-Afghanistan war.

   The ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun was accepted to service in 1960. It is a simple weapon, normally operated by a crew of 6 men. This gun is mounted on the roof of the troop compartment and has a traverse range of 360 degrees. It fires HE-FRAG and AP-T rounds. This air defense gun has only simple sights. The ZU-23-2 can be removed from the vehicle and towed, or used as a stationary unit.

   There are also racks for shoulder-launched anti-aircraft missiles. Usually three missiles are carried.

   The BTR-ZD SPAAG is also fitted with two forward-facing 7.62-mm machine guns. These are operated by the troops. There are some of firing ports and associated vision blocks provided for the troops. Occupants leave the vehicle through the roof hatches.

   Vehicle has aluminum armor hull, which protects against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. Armor protection is limited due to weight restriction for this vehicle class. Anti-aircraft gunners are not protected.

   The BTR-ZD air defense vehicle is based on the BTR-D airborne APC. Vehicle is powered by the 5D20 diesel engine, developing 240 hp. Vehicle is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by two waterjets. This armored personnel carrier can be paradropped from most medium transport aircraft.


Video of the ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun






Home  Home     Aircraft     Helicopters     Tanks     Armored Vehicles     Artillery     Trucks     Engineering Vehicles     Missiles     Naval Forces     Firearms     |     Contact Us

ARG 2006 - 2017