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Multiple launch rocket system

Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS

The Azerbaijan Lynx multiple launch rocket system uses interchangeable rocket pods

Entered service Mid 2000s
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 25 t
Length ~ 9 m
Width ~ 2.5 m
Height ~ 3 m
Caliber 122-mm / 160-mm / 200-mm
Number of tubes 40 / 26 / 8
Rocket weight 66 kg / 110 kg / 430 kg
Warhead weight 19 kg / 46 kg / 150 kg
Firing range 21 km / 45 km / 150 km
Full salvo duration 20 s / ? / ?
Reloading time 7 minutes
Engine KamAZ-740.50.360 diesel
Engine power 360 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Range 1 000 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 0.6 - 1.4 m
Fording 1.2 m


   Azerbaijan recently acquired a number of IMI Lynx multiple launch rocket systems. These were developed by Israel Military Industries (IMI) and modified to meet specific requirements of the Azerbaijan Ministry of Defense.

   This multiple launch rocket system uses interchangeable rocket pods. It is capable of firing 122-mm BM-21 Grad rockets, 160-mm IMI LAR or 200-mm IMI EXTRA rockets. These rockets can be fired from the same platform, but have different ranges. The Lynx MLRS can mount a combination of any two pods. Rockets are fitted with various warheads, including HE frag, incendiary, smoke, illumination, cargo warheads with pre-fragmented or anti-tank submunitions.

   The Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS uses 122-mm launcher pods of the Turkish T-122 Sakarya. A standard pod contains 20 Grad rockets. The standard Grad 122-mm rocket is 2.87 m long and weights 66 kg. It has a maximum range of 21 km. This rocket system is also compatible with newly-developed 122-mm rockets.

   A standard LAR 160-mm rocket is 3.3 m long and weights 110 kg. It has a maximum range of up to 45 km. A standard pod contains 13 LAR rockets.

   The IMI EXTRA rockets have a maximum range of up to 150 km and can be fitted with a GPS guidance system for precision strikes. A standard pod contains four Extra rockets.

   Rocket pods are packed and factory-sealed. These double as transport containers and launchers. IMI rocket pods are disposable after launch, while the BM-21 Grad pods can be reloaded manually. These are the least capable and are mainly used for training.

   This artillery rocket system features a fully autonomous ballistic calculation and launch capabilities. The IMI Lynx can operate autonomously or integrated with larger artillery formations. This MLRS system has a fast reaction time and can launch its rockets within several minutes from travelling. A full salvo can be launched directly from the cab, or remotely from the vehicle.

   The Lynx multiple launch rocket system is mounted on the KamAZ-6350 8x8 heavy utility truck chassis. It is powered by a turbocharged diesel engine, developing 360 hp.

   The Lynx mobile launcher is supported by a reloading vehicle, fitted with a crane. This vehicle carries four rockets pods (two sets of reloads). Reloading usually takes place well away from firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire. Full reloading of the pods takes less than 10 minutes.

   Later a similar artillery rocket system, called the Naiza, was developed by IMI for Kazakhstan Ministry of Defense.


Video of the Azerbaijan Lynx multiple launch rocket system

Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS

Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS

Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS

Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS

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