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Multiple launch rocket system


The ASTROS II multiple launch rocket system has a modular design

Entered service 1983
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 10 t
Length 7 m
Width 2.9 m
Height 2.6 m
Caliber 127-mm
Number of tubes 32
Rocket weight 68 kg
Warhead weight ?
Firing range 9 - 30 km
Full salvo duration ?
Reloading time ?
Engine Mercedes-Benz OM422
Engine power 280 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Range 480 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.3 m
Fording 1.1 m


   The ASTROS II (Artillery SaTuration ROcket System) was developed by AVIBRAS, which was developing multiple launch rocket systems since the early 1960s. The ASTROS II entered service with Brazilian Army in 1983. It also in service with Bahrain, Malaysia, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. It was built under license in Iraq as the Sajil-60.

   The ASTROS II has a modular design of launching containers. It can be fitted with four standard containers with rockets. The ASTROS II fires four types of rockets. The SS-30 127-mm rockets, SS-40 180-mm rockets, SS-60 300-mm rockets and SS-80 300-mm extended range rockets. Depending on the caliber a single container holds eight, four or one rocket. Maximum range of fire is 30, 35, 60 and 90 km consequently. All types of rockets are available with HE-FRAG warheads. The SS-40, SS-60 and SS-80 are also available with cluster warheads. Some sources claim that the ASTROS II also fires mine-dispensing and incendiary warheads.

   All launching procedures are made from the inside of the vehicle.

   Secondary armament consists of 12.7-mm machine gun, mounted on top of the cab roof. It is also fitted with smoke grenade dischargers.

   The ASTROS II uses chassis of Mercedes-Benz 6x6 high mobility truck. Vehicle has a lightly armored cab, providing protection against small arms fire. It is powered by a Mercedes-Benz OM422 diesel engine, developing 280 horsepower.

   The ASTROS II is reloaded by reloading vehicle, fitted with a crane. Reloading vehicle also carries two sets of reloads.

   A battery usually consists of 6-8 launcher vehicles, the same number of reloading vehicles, command and control vehicle, battery fire control vehicle, mobile workshop and mobile meteorological station.

   In 2014 first production vehicles of improved ASTROS II Mk.6 were delivered. This system is also referred as ASTROS-2020. The launcher vehicle is capable of firing new AV-TM 300 tactical missiles with a range of 300 km and AV-SS-G40 guided rockets. Brazilian Army will operate three batteries of this version. Deliveries are planned to be completed in 2018.

   A couple of years ago it has been reported that AVIBRAS was developing a new generation ASTROS III multiple launch rocket system, which will be capable of firing cruise missiles with a range of 300 km.


Video of the Astros II multiple launch rocket system




ASTROS II fire control vehicle

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