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Multiple launch rocket system

A-100 MLRS

The A-100 MLRS in many aspects is similar to the Russian 9K58 Smerch

Entered service ?
Crew ~ 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 40 t
Length ~ 12 m
Width ~ 3 m
Height ~ 3 m
Caliber 300-mm
Number of tubes 10
Rocket weight 840 kg
Warhead weight 200 kg
Firing range 40 - 120 km
Full salvo duration 60 s
Reloading time 20 minutes
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 650 km
Gradient 57%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 2 m
Fording 1.1 m


   The Chinese A-100 multiple launch rocket system was first observed in 2002. In many aspects it is similar to the Russian 9K58 Smerch, however manufacturers insist that it is completely different. It is worth mentioning that China received a small number of Smerch artillery rocket systems in 1997. The A-100 was trialed by the PLA, however a PHL03 was selected. The A-100 was exported to Tanzania. These systems are based on a newer 8x8 heavy high-mobility truck.

   This long-range artillery system is intended to attack important ground targets, such as airfields, command centers, radar stations, artillery or missile batteries, concentrations of troops and vehicles.

   The A-100 artillery rocket system has 10 launching tubes for 300-mm rockets (the original Smerch has 12). Chinese manufacturers claim that the A-100 is not compatible with the 300-mm rockets of the Smerch. They also insist that rockets use different propellant motors and components. A standard rocket is 7.3 m long and weights 840 kg. A variety of warheads are available, including various HE-fragmentation, fuel-air explosive, and cargo warheads. It is claimed that the A-100 MLRS has a maximum range of 120 km, versus 90 km of improved Russian Smerch. Minimum range of fire is 40 km. Rockets are fitted with a range and direction correction system for improved accuracy.

   It takes 8 minutes to prepare a launch vehicle for firing. After all rocket are launched it leaves firing position within 2 minutes. Launcher vehicle is fitted with a GPS system, to provide a real-time positioning data. This system can launch single rockets or full salvo.

   A launch vehicle is based on Taian TA580 8x8 special wheeled chassis. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system and has a good cross-country mobility. Artillery systems exported to Tanzania are based on newer Taian TAS4500 8x8 special wheeled chassis.

   A battery of the A-100 MLRS comprises a launch vehicle, reloading vehicle and command vehicle. The reloading vehicle is fitted with a crane and carries a full set of reload rockets. Launching vehicle is reloaded within 20 minutes. Reloading usually takes place away from firing position, to avoid counter battery fire.




   AR1A, latest version, fitted a with re-arranged rocket tubes. It is claimed that Pakistan procured a battalion of these systems for trials and evaluation. A follow-on order is also likely;

   A200, further development of the A100. It carries a total of 8 rockets in 2 pods. These rockets have a range of 50 to up to 200 km. The A200 has been adopted by the Belarus. However the launcher is based on Belarusian 8x8 heavy high mobility chassis and is locally known as the Polonez. There is also an A300 system, that has a range of 290 km. It has been reported that China has selected the A300 system, but it is likely to be fielded under a different name.


A-100 MLRS

A-100 MLRS

A-100 MLRS

A-100 MLRS

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