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2S4 Tyulpan

240-mm self-propelled mortar

2S4 Tyulpan

Currently the 2S4 Tyulpan is the heaviest mortar deployed by any country

 
 
Entered service 1971
Crew 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 27.5 t
Length 6.45 m
Width 3.25 m
Height 3.2 m
Armament
Main gun 240-mm mortar
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Projectile weight 130 kg
Maximum firing range 9.6 / 19 km
Maximum rate of fire 1 rpm
Elevation range + 50 to + 80 degrees
Traverse range 20 - 82 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun up to 40 mines
Machine guns 1 500 rounds
Mobility
Engine V-59 diesel
Engine power 520 hp
Maximum road speed 62 km/h
Range 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 3 m
Fording 1 m

 

   The 2S4 Tyulpan (Tulip) self-propelled mortar was developed in the late 1960s. The first prototype was completed in 1969. It was accepted to service with the Soviet Army in 1971. Around 400 of these vehicles were built. It saw action in Afghanistan and Chechnya. Currently this self-propelled mortar is in service with Russia and possibly some other countries.

   Vehicle is fitted with externally-mounted 240-mm breach-laded mortar. It was developed from the M-240 towed mortar. The 2S4 fires all range of mines, developed for the M-240, including HE, anti-armor and chemical. A standard HE mine weights 130 kg and has a maximum range of 9.6 km. Maximum range of fire is 19 km with rocket-assisted mines. The 2S4 is capable of firing laser-guided munitions. Some sources claim, that Tyulpan is also capable of firing mines with nuclear warheads.

   Mines are stored in two automated drum-type storage areas. A total of 40 ordinary or 20 rocket-assisted mines are carried. It can also use ground ammunition. Due to large size of the weapon and weight of ammunition, maximum rate of fire is only one round per minute.

   Armor of this vehicle provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. A 7.62-mm machine gun is mounted over commander's turret for self-defense.

   The 2S4 Tyulpan uses a modified tracked chassis of the Krug (SA-4 Ganef) surface-to-air missile system. A V-59 diesel engine, developing 520 hp, is located at the front.

 

 

Video of the 2S4 Tyulpan self-propelled mortar

 

 
2S4 Tyulpan

2S4 Tyulpan

2S4 Tyulpan

2S4 Tyulpan

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