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2S1 Gvosdika

122 mm self-propelled howitzer

2S1 Gvosdika SPH

The 2S1 Gvosdika self-propelled howitzer was deployed in large numbers by the Soviet Army

Entered service 1971
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 15.7 t
Length 7.26 m
Width 2.85 m
Height 2.73 m
Main gun 122 mm
Barrel length ?
Machine guns -
Projectile weight 14.08 - 21.76 kg
Maximum firing range 15.2 km
Maximum rate of fire 4 - 5 rpm
Elevation range - 3 to + 70 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 40 rounds
Machine guns -
Engine YaMZ-238V diesel
Engine power 240 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 2.4 m
Fording Amphibious


   Development of the 2S1 Gvosdika (carnation) 122-mm self-propelled howitzer began in 1967. First prototypes were built in 1969 and in was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1971. Production of the 2S1 Gvosdika commenced in 1972. It was first seen in public at a Polish Army parade in 1974. This artillery systems was deployed in large numbers. It has been exported to a number of Soviet allies. Also it has seen combat during numerous military conflicts. The Gvosdika is currently in service with a number of countries.

   The 2S1 Gvosdika is fitted with a D-32 122 mm rifled howitzer. It is a modified variant of the D-30 towed howitzer. Howitzer is fitted with a load assisting system. Maximum rate of fire is 4-5 rounds per minute. The Gvosdika is compatible with all 122 mm munitions developed for the D-30 howitzer. These include fragmentation, HE-FRAG, HEAT, cluster, smoke and illumination projectiles. A total of 40 rounds are carried, usually 35 HE-FRAG and 5 HEAT. Maximum range of fire with HE-FRAG projectile is 15.2 km.

   The 2S1 Gvosdika SPH has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   Hull and turret are welded from steel armor. It provides protection for the crew against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. It is fitted with NBC protection system.

   The 2S1 Gvosdika is based on the modified MT-LB multi-purpose armored vehicle chassis. Vehicle is powered by the YaMZ-238V diesel engine, developing 240 horsepower. Vehicle is amphibious if the ammunition load is reduced to 30 rounds. On water vehicle is propelled by its tracks. Maximum amphibious speed is 4.5 km/h. The 2S1 Gvosdika SPH can be airlifted by An-12, Il-76 or C-130 transport aircraft.

   A 2S34 Hosta is a modernized version of the 2S1 Gvosdika.


Video of the 2S1 Gvosdika 122 mm self-propelled howitzer


2S1 Gvosdika SPH

2S1 Gvosdika SPH

2S1 Gvosdika SPH

2S1 Gvosdika SPH

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