Home > Armored Vehicles > Type 89

Type 89

Armored personnel carrier

Type 89 APC

The Type 89 armored personnel carrier is a successor of the Type 531 APC

Country of origin China
Entered service Late 1990s
Crew 2 men
Personnel 13 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 14.3 t
Length 6.15 m
Width 3.13 m
Height 1.88 m
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm
Engine BF8L413F diesel
Engine power 320 hp
Maximum road speed 68 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 6 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench ~ 1.8 m
Fording Amphibious


   The Type 89, also known as ZSD 89 or YW 534, is a tracked armored personnel carrier. It is a successor of the Type 63 armored personnel carrier. The Type 89 has many design details in common with the Type 63, however the it is slightly larger overall. It was manufactured by NORINCO and powered by a German Deutz diesel. The Type 89 is in service with the Chinese Army.

   The base model of the Type 89 is fully amphibious with propulsion once in the water being provided by the tracks. Troops enter the vehicle via a single door in the hull rear. Once inside there are several ball-and-socket firing ports for the occupants, one being in the entry door, and periscopes are provided to allow observation of the battlefield for the occupants.

   A collective NBC protection system is provided for both the crew and occupants. The main armament on the Type 89 APC remains a single 12.7 mm machine gun, located over a forward roof hatch for air and local defense.

   On the Type 307 IFV, a variant of the Type 89, the main armament is increased to an externally mounted 25 mm cannon with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. Inside the Type 307 infantry fighting vehicle the number of troops carried is reduced to seven (plus the driver and commander) although the combat weight is increased to 15.4 t.

   There is also a HJ-8 anti-tank guided missile carrier variant of the Type 89. It carries the same four-missile turret launching arrangements as the earlier Type 63 APC. Extra missiles are carried inside the hull for reloading once the turret has been lowered into the raised roof superstructure over the rear hull.

   There are a number of variants of the Type 89 with extended chassis. These armored vehicles have an extra road wheel. Variants include armored recovery vehicle, ambulance and command vehicle.

   There was even a light tank version of the Type 89, fitted with a complete turret of the Type 63A amphibious light tank. It was first publicly revealed in 2008. However this vehicle had no success. Only a single prototype was built. A couple of years later a light tank version, based on this armored personnel carrier was reviewed. In 2014 an ST2 light tank was revealed. It uses an extended hull of the Type 89 with an extra road wheel, and 105 mm turret of WMA 301 or ST1 fire support vehicle.

   The Type 90, or YW535, in an improved version of the Type 89. Its hull has a slightly different shape with vertical sides and sloping upper side walls. This armored vehicle was reportedly developed specially for export.


Type 89 APC

Expand image

Type 89 APC

Expand image

Type 89 APC

Expand image


Personal appeal from Andrius Genys
Please Read

Top 10 Main Battle Tanks
Top 10 Main Battle Tanks

Top 10 Armored Personnel Carriers
Top 10 Armored Personnel Carriers

Home  Home     Aircraft     Helicopters     Tanks     Armored Vehicles     Artillery     Trucks     Engineering Vehicles     Missiles     Naval Forces     Firearms     |     Contact Us

ARG 2006 - 2021