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Type 89

Infantry fighting vehicle

Type 89 IFV

At the time of its introduction the Type 89 IFV had a very respectable weapons fit

Entered service 1991
Crew 3 men
Personnel 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 26.5 t
Length 6.8 m
Width 3.2 m
Height 2.5 m
Main gun 35-mm cannon
ATGW 2 x Type 79 launchers
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Engine Mitsubishi 6SY31WA V6 diesel
Engine power 600 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 400 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 2.4 m
Fording 1 m


   Development of the Type 89 infantry fighting vehicle began in 1981 by the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, which already had experience building armored vehicles. First pre-production IFVs were assembled in 1984 and type entered service in 1991. Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces operate about 300 Type 89 infantry fighting vehicles.

   Some sources claim that the Type 89 has a spaced multi-layer front armor.

   This IFV is armed with a Swiss 35-mm cannon. Pre-production vehicles were completed with Swiss-made cannons, however production models featured a similar license-built cannon, locally designated as the L90. At the beginning of the 1990s only a few infantry fighting vehicles had more powerful cannon. There is also a coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. Furthermore the Type 89 IFV has two Type 79 launchers for anti-tank guided missiles. Missiles are reloaded manually. Vehicle carries four to six anti-tank missiles.

   The Type 89 IFV has a crew of three, including driver, gunner and commander. Vehicle also provides accommodation for seven troops. Troops enter and leave the vehicle via the rear doors or roof hatches. There are six firing ports.

   The Type 89 infantry fighting vehicle is powered by a Mitsubishi 6SY31WA diesel engine, developing 600 horsepower. Unfortunately the Type 89 has a low range on a full tank comparing with other IFVs. Vehicle is not amphibious.


Type 89 IFV

Type 89 IFV

Type 89 IFV

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