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TAB-77

Armored personnel carrier

TAB-77

The TAB-77 is a modified Romanian version of the Soviet BTR-70

 
 
Entered service 1977
Crew 2 men
Personnel 9 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 11.8 t
Length 7.42 m
Width 2.94 m
Height 2.34 m
Armament
Machine guns 1 x 14.5-mm, 1 x 7.62-mm
Ammunition load
Machine guns 600 x 14.5-mm, 2 500 x 7.62-mm
Mobility
Engine 2 x Saviem 797-05M1 diesel
Engine power 2 x 132 hp
Maximum road speed 80 km/h
Amphibious speed on water ~ 6 km/h
Range 550 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 2 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The Romanian TAB-77 8x8 armored personnel carrier is a modified version of the Soviet BTR-70. It was license produced in Romania. It had some improvements over the BTR-70 to meet local production capabilities and Romanian armed forces requirements. Production of the TAB-77 commenced in 1977 and ceased in 1991. The TAB-77 has been exported to Libya. Some sources report that a total of 168 of these APCs were produced. In 1984 a single vehicle alongside with production technology has been sold to China. However China decided to produce a different APC. The TAB-77 has seen action with Romanian armed forces during operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. This armored personnel carrier is still used today. In 2010 Romanian armed forces operated 162 of these APCs.

    The TAB-77 is slightly heavier than its Soviet counterpart.

   Armor of this APC provides all-round protection against 7.62-mm fire and artillery shell splinters. However during deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan it appeared that this APC is inadequately protected against improvised explosive devices. The TAB-77 is fitted with automatic fire suppression and NBC protection systems as standard.

   The TAB-77 is fitted with a one-man manually-operated turret. It is slightly different than that, used on the BTR-70 APC, even though it has the same weapons. The turret is armed with a 14.5-mm heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. There were prototypes fitted with 23-mm or 30-mm cannons. However these were never produced.

   Vehicle is operated by a crew of two, including commander and driver. It accommodates 9 troops. One of the dismounts operate the turret of this APC. There are some firing ports with associated vision blocks provided for the troops.

   Engine is located at the rear with the troop compartment in the middle. It is a common drawback of Soviet block armored personnel carriers. As troops have to leave the vehicle via cramped side hatches or roof hatches. In battle if the vehicle is ambushed this might lead to casualties.

   The TAB-77 is powered by a pair of Saviem 797-05M1 diesel engine, developing 132 hp each. These engines were locally produced in Romania. It was an improvement, as the Soviet BTR-70 has two petrol engines. Engines are mounted on a single frame and are located at the rear of the hull. When one engine is damaged, it can be remotely disconnected and vehicle keeps running on the remaining unit. The TAB-77 is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. The tyre pressure can be adjusted by the driver while vehicle is on the move. It allows to improve off-road mobility. First two front axles are steerable. Vehicle is fitted with a front-mounted 5 500 kg capacity recovery winch. The TAB-77 is fully-amphibious. On water it is propelled by a rear-mounted waterjet.

   The TAB-77 was followed in production by the B33 Zimbru, that is essentially a Romanian version of the Soviet BTR-80 APC with some minor modifications to meet Romanian Army requirements.

 

Variants

 

   TAB-77A command post vehicle;

   TAB-77 PCOMA artillery observation vehicle. The turret has been replaced with a large cupola;

   TERA-77L armored recovery vehicle, fitted with hydraulic crane and front-mounted dozer blade. In 1986 five of these vehicles were exported to Libya;

   TABC-79 is a 4x4 armored personnel carrier. It uses automotive components of the TAB-77. Also it has the same turret, armed with 14.5-mm heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun.

 

 
TAB-77

TAB-77

TAB-77

TAB-77

TAB-77


 
TERA-77L

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