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Rosomak

Armored personnel carrier

Rosomak

The Polish Army Rosomak proved itself well during international deployments

 
 
Entered service 2004
Crew 2 men
Personnel 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 16 - 26 t
Length 7.75 m
Width 2.83 m
Height 2.35 m
Armament
Machine guns 1 x 12.7-mm (optional)
Mobility
Engine Scania DI 12 diesel
Engine power 480 or 540 hp
Maximum road speed over 100 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 6 - 10 km/h
Range 800 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 2 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The XC-360P Rosomak (wolverine) armored personnel carrier is a Polish license-produced version of the Finnish Patria AMV. This APC is locally built in Poland, however the most important components come from Finland. The Polish Wojskowe Zaklady Mechaniczne company has the rights to produce and marketing the vehicle to both Polish MoD and foreign customers until 2023. This company also has the rights to service and repair these vehicles until 2052.

   The Rosomak was ordered by the Polish MoD in 2002 in order to modernize the Polish Army fleet. The Rosomak replaced the ageing SKOT 8x8 armored personnel carriers and BWP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles. Polish MoD ordered a total of 690 vehicles. It includes 377 armored personnel carriers and 313 uparmored and upgunned wheeled infantry fighting vehicles. Deliveries commenced in 2004 and all vehicles were planned to be delivered by 2013. However it seems that the number of Rosomaks in service with the Polish Army is growing due to emerging variants. Also in 2015 Slovakia ordered 30 of these vehicles.

   The Rosomak has seen service with the Polish Army during the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and during peacekeeping mission in Chad and Central African Republic. During these international deployments the Rosomak proved itself well. It is worth noting that American soldiers refer the Polish Rosomak as superior in any aspect to their Stryker.

   The Patria AMV is among the most protected 8x8 armored personnel carriers. However it is also one of the largest APCs. The Polish Rosomak is fitted with modular ballistic protection. Armor composes of interchangeable modules of various thickness and can be tailored to suit mission requirements. Heavy armor is removed during peacetime and for transportation. However it is restored once the vehicle arrives in the combat theater. Maximum protection level is against 30-mm armor-piercing rounds. Vehicle also has a top-class mine protection. It can withstand up to 10 kg TNT blast. There were numerous instances when the Polish Army Rosomaks were hit in Afghanistan by landmines and improvised explosive devices. In most cases there were no casualties. Two uparmored Polish Army vehicles were hit in Afghanistan by RPG-7 rockets, however armor was not penetrated and vehicles managed to return to base. Other sources report that there were more instances of Rosomaks surviving RPG-7 hits. A cage armor can be fitted for a higher level of protection against RPG-7 rockets. NBC protection and fire suppression systems are fitted as standard. The Rosomak weights between 16 and 26 t according to armor and weapon systems.

   The baseline APC version has a crew of two and carries 10 soldiers. It has a shielded weapon mount on the roof for 12.7-mm machine gun or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher.

   The IFV version is fitted with Italian OTO Melara Hitfist-30P turret. This turret is operated by commander and gunner. It is armed with a Bushmaster II 30-mm cannon and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. This version has a crew of 3 and carries 8 soldiers.

   Also there are other versions of the Rosomak, that are armed with remotelly controlled 12.7-mm machine guns, or do not carry any weapons at all.

   The Rosomak is powered by the Scania DI 12 turbocharged diesel engine. Engine is mated to ZF automatic transmission with 7-forward and 1-reverse speeds. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. The baseline Polish Army Rosomak is fully amphibious - both APC and wheeled IFV versions. On water these vehicles are propelled by two waterjets.

   The Polish Rosomak can be airlifted by a C-130 Hercules tactical cargo aircraft.

   Recently Poland developed a whole host of combat vehicles, based on their Rosomak. However none of them have entered service yet. It seems that Poland plans to fields rapid deployment brigades with Rosomak 8x8 heavily armored APCs in the same manner as US Army fields Stryker Brigade Combat Teams. Each rapid deployment brigade has 8x8 armored vehicles of various variants. Operational concept behind these brigades is stressed on speed, deployability and maneuverability to counter enemy forces.

 

Variants

 

   Baseline armored personnel carrier;

   Wheeled infantry fighting vehicle;

   Rosomak M1M infantry fighting vehicle, modified for deployment in Afghanistan. It has improved armor protection;

   Rosomak WEM armored ambulance;

   Command post vehicle;

   Rosomak S anti-tank missile carrier, equipped with Spike anti-tank guided missiles;

   Rosomak Lowcza air defense vehicle;

   Rosomak RAK 120-mm breach-loaded mortar carrier;

   Rosomak WRT technical assistance vehicle;

   Wilk 105-mm fire support vehicle;

   Surveillance vehicle. It is fitted with Israeli equipment. It has a radar, thermal sensor, motion sensor and small UAV. Once on a high ground, this vehicle detects activity at a range of up to 10 km at day/night or any weather condition;

   Radar carrier.

 

Video of the Rosomak infantry fighting vehicle

 
Rosomak

Rosomak

Rosomak

Rosomak

Rosomak


 
Rosomak

Rosomak

Rosomak

Rosomak

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