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RG-31 Nyala

Mine resistant ambush protected vehicle

RG-31 MRAP

The RG-31 has become the multi-purpose vehicle of choice of peacekeeping forces

 
 
RG-31 Mk.3
Entered service ?
Crew 2 men
Personnel 6 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 7.28 t
Length 6.4 m
Width 2.5 m
Height 2.47 m
Armament
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm
Mobility
Engine Daimler-Benz OM 352A diesel
Engine power 123 hp
Maximum road speed 100 km/h
Range 900 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 50%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording ~ 1.5 m

 

   The South African RG-31 Nyala mine resistant ambush protected vehicle was developed from the Mamba. It was developed by Land Systems OMC, a division of BAE Systems. This MRAP vehicle is in service with South African National Defense Forces. The Nyala has been acquired a number of countries, including Canada (75), Spain (150), United Arab Emirates (76), USA (over 1 900) and some other. This mine resistant vehicle is also used by the United Nations. It has seen combat during the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and a number of other military conflicts around the world.

   The RG-31 Nyala is intended to operate in combat zones, where mines, improvised explosive devices and ambushed are likely to be encountered. Vehicle follows the lines of the Mamba. It is used as armored patrol vehicle. Chassis of the Nyala is based around the use of Mercedes-Benz Unimog components. Also it is powered by Mercedes engine.

   South Africa pioneered and perfected design of mine protected vehicles. Armored vehicles from this country provide excellent small-arms and mine blast protection. The Nyala has a V-shaped floor which deflects mine blasts away from the vehicle. It withstands blast equivalent to 14 kg of TNT under any wheel or equivalent of 7 kg or TNT anywhere under the hull. Crew and passengers are also protected from small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   The Nyala accommodates a crew of 8-10, depending on the model. The RG-31 Mk.3, which is widely used, has a crew of two and can carry six troops. This vehicle has a payload capacity of 1 100 kg. Soldiers enter and leave the vehicle via side or rear doors. Also there are roof hatches for observation and emergency exit. Normally the Nyala is used a protected troop carrier. However the rear area can be readily reconfigured to form an armored ambulance or a command vehicle.

   This MRAP can be armed with a roof-mounted 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm machine gun or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. Some vehicles are fitted with remotely controlled weapon stations. Also there are some firing ports provided for the troops to fire their individual weapons.

   The RG-31 has become the multi-purpose vehicle of choice of peacekeeping forces. Vehicle has a non-aggressive appearance, which is preferable during peacekeeping operations.

   The Nyala has been fitted with various engines depending on the version. These include Daimler-Benz OM 352A (123 hp), IVECO Tector F4AE0681D, Detroit Diesel (RG-31 Charger) and 6.7-liter Cummins QSB (275 hp, RG-31 Charger). Engines are mated with Allison 4-speed automatic gearbox. The RG-31 has a maximum speed of 100 km/h. It can move fast in convoys in order to avoid enemy fire. Also vehicle has good cross-country performance.

 

Variants

 

   RG-31 Mk.3 a widespread model;

   RG-31 Mk.5 improved model with superior ballistic and mine protection;

   RG-31 Mk.5E and extended model with larger interior volume and passenger capacity;

   RG-31 Mk.6 model with enhanced crew protection;

   RG-31 Mk.3 Charger, version of the US Army, powered by Detroit Diesel engine. In USA the RG-31 is classified as Category 1 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle;

   RG-31 Mk.5 Charger, version of the US Army, powered by Cummins QSB engine;

   RG-31 Sabre, utility version with a cargo area at the rear. It seems that this vehicle was never produced in quantity;

   RG-31 Agrab (scorpion) mortar carrier with 120-mm mortar. It is based on RG-31 Mk.5. It was jointly developed with International Golden Group of UAE.

 

Video of the RG-31 Nyala mine resistant ambush protected vehicle

 
RG-31 MRAP

RG-31 MRAP

RG-31 MRAP

RG-31 MRAP

RG-31 MRAP


 
RG-31 MRAP

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