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Patria AMV

Armored personnel carrier

Patria AMV

The Patria AMV armored personnel carrier has modular ballistic armor protection

Country of origin Finland
Entered service 2003
Crew 3 men
Personnel 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 16 - 26 t
Length 7.75 m
Width 2.83 m
Height 2.35 m
Grenade launcher 1 x 40 mm
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm
Elevation range - 8 to + 48 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Engine Scania DI 12 diesel
Engine power 480 / 540 hp
Maximum road speed over 100 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 6 - 10 km/h
Range 800 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 2 m
Fording Amphibious


   The AMV (Advaced Modular Vehicle) armored personnel carrier was developed by Patria in association with the Finish Defense Force. The main goal was to design a platform with better protection, greater mobility, payload and internal volume, than current XA-203 6x6 Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs). The first prototype of the AMV was built in 2001. Finish Army ordered a total of 86 AMVs in various configurations. First vehicles were delivered in 2003 and production commenced in 2004. Export operators are Croatia (126), Poland (690) and Slovenia (30). The Patria AMV is being license-produced in Poland, where it is known as the Rosomak (wolverine). Other operators are Republic of Macedonia, South Africa, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates have also ordered a number of these armored personnel carriers.

   The Patria AMV is fitted with modular ballistic protection. Armor composes of interchangeable modules of various thickness and can be tailored to suit mission requirements. Heavy armor is removed during peacetime and for transportation. However it is restored once the vehicle arrives in the combat theater. Maximum protection level is against 30 mm armor-piercing rounds. Vehicle also has a top-class mine protection. It can withstand up to 10 kg TNT blast. Two uparmored Polish Army vehicles were hit in Afghanistan by RPG-7 rockets, however armor was not penetrated and vehicles managed to return to base. NBC protection and fire suppression systems are fitted as standard.

   The standard Finnish Army Patria AMVs are armed with Protector M151 remote weapon stations, fitted with 12.7 mm machine gun and 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. This variant is known as the XA-360 in Finnish Army service. A wide range of weapons can be fitted depending on customer requirements. This armored personnel carrier weights between 16 and 26 t according to armor and weapon systems.

   Vehicle has a crew of three and provides accommodation for up to 10 fully equipped troops.

   The Patria AMV is powered by the Scania DI 12 diesel engine, developing 480 or 540 horsepower, depending on the variant. Other diesel engines, such as Caterpillar, Cummins or MTU can be fitted depending on customer requirements. Engine is mated to ZF automatic transmission with 7-forward and 1-reverse speeds. Suspension is hydropneumatic. Height adjustment is proposed as an option. Two front axles are steerable. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. The baseline variant of the Patria AMV is fully amphibious. It is propelled on water by two waterjets.




   Patria AMV 6x6. It is a lighter version of the standard 8x8 vehicle. Combat weight of this vehicle is up to 18 t and it can carry a 6 t payload;

   Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), fitted with 30 mm cannon and coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. Vehicle is fully amphibious;

   Armored ambulance;

   Command vehicle;

   Engineer reconnaissance vehicle;

   Armored recovery vehicle;

   Reconnaissance vehicle;

   ATGM carrier;

   Fire support vehicle, fitted with CT-CV 105HP two-man turret. It is armed with a 105 mm gun. It is compatible with all standard NATO ammunition. A similar fire support vehicle is the Polish Wilk;

   AMOS mortar system;

   NEMO mortar system;

   Rosomak, a Polish license-produced version of the Patria AMV. Poland operates both APC and IFV versions;

   Badger, a modified and better protected version of the AMV for the South African National Defense Force. It is fitted with a locally-designed turret. This armored fighting vehicle was designed to meet requirements of the project Hoefyster (horseshoe) that was intended to replace the ageing Ratel wheeled IFVs. A total of 238 Badgers were ordered in 2013. These will be license-produced in South Africa by Denel Land Systems. First production vehicles are planned to be delivered in 2015-2016. The Badger will become a mainstay of mechanized South African infantry force;

   Havoc, a Lockheed Martin's contended for US Marine Corps Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC) program. This program aimed to replace the LAV series armored vehicles for use in the light amphibious regiments. This amphibious APC was first revealed in 2011. The future of the Havoc is uncertain though, as the US Marine Corps cancelled the MPC requirement in 2013 to merge it with the ACV (Amphibious Combat Vehicle) requirement in 2014.

   AMV35, a Patria's and BAE System's contender for Australian LAND400 program. It is a Patria AMV armored personnel carrier, armed with a BAE Systems 35 mm manned turret.


Video of the Patria AMV armored vehicle

Patria AMV

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Patria AMV

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Patria AMV

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Patria AMV

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Patria AMV

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