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Panhard SPHINX

Armored reconnaissance vehicle

Panhard SPHINX

The Panhard SPHINX is capable of reconnaissance and fire support

 
 
Country of origin France
Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 17 t
Length 7.3 m
Hull length 5.5 m
Width 3 m
Height 2.6 m
Armament
Main gun 40 mm cannon
ATGW ?
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
ATGW 2 missiles
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power 600 hp
Maximum road speed 110 km/h
Range 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 1.2 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

 

   The SPHINX (Secret Project for High Intensity and New Conflicts) was developed by Panhard as a private venture to meet a French Army EBCR (Engine Blinde de Reconnaissance et de Combat) requirement. The EBRC stands for armored vehicle for reconnaissance and combat. A new armored vehicle is intended to replace the ageing AMX-10RC and ERC-90 Sagaie reconnaissance vehicles and VAB HOT anti-tank missile carrier. French Army has a requirement for up to 250 new machines of this type. A mock-up of the Panhard SPHINX was revealed in 2010. The Panhard was expected to compete against Nexter and Renault Trucks Defense to meet this requirement. However another design, called the Jaguar, was selected by the French Army for delivery in 2020. It was developed by a temporary consortium of French companies, comprising Nexter Systems, Renault Trucks Defense and Thales. So even though the Panhard SPHINX was not selected by the French Army, it is being proposed for export customers.

   The 6x6 Panhard SPHINX was revealed alongside a lighter 4x4 Panhard CRAB armored car. Both of these armored vehicles are highly mobile and are based on renewed light cavalry doctrine, where small, but fast and well armed armored vehicles taking an active combat role. The SPHINX is capable of reconnaissance, fire support and rapid intervention.

   Vehicle has an all-welded steel hull with add-on armor. Add-on armor allows to tailor the vehicle in field conditions to suit mission requirements. Armor of the SPHINX provides all-round protection against 14.5 mm armor-piercing rounds and artillery shell fragments. Improved protection for the front arc against 25 mm armor-piercing projectiles is proposed as an option. Some areas of this combat vehicle are covered with slat armor for increased protection against rocket propelled grenades. Vehicle has a V-shaped hull and withstands 10 kg anti-tank mine blasts. It is fitted with NBC protection system for the crew. It also has a laser warning receiver.

   This reconnaissance vehicle is fitted with a two-man turret, armed with a fully-stabilized 40 mm automatic gun. The whole turret was developed by Lockheed Martin for the upgrade of the British Army Warrior infantry fighting vehicle. It is worth mentioning that initial version of the SPHINX revealed in 2010 was fitted with a Belgian CMI turret. It was later replaced with the Lockheed Martin turret in order to cut production costs. The 40 mm gun has a dual-feed system and a rate of fire of around 180 rounds per minute. It can fire a wide range of ammunition, including programmable airburst rounds. Its maximum effective range is 1 500 m. This gun can easily defeat most armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, as well as other targets. The SPHINX also has provision for four long-range anti-tank missile launchers. Pods with missiles are mounted on either side of the turret. Also there is a 7.62 mm machine gun, mounted coaxially with the main gun.

   This reconnaissance vehicle has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver.

   Vehicle is powered by a turbocharged diesel engine, developing 600 hp. It is expected to be German Mercedes or MTU, or Austrian Steyr unit. Engine is located at the rear and is coupled with automatic transmission. All wheels on the SPHINX are steered and it has good cross-country mobility. A central tyre inflation system is fitted. This machine is also fitted with run-flat tyres. Vehicle is not amphibious.

   This reconnaissance vehicle can be airlifted by the C-130 Hercules or larger military cargo aircraft.

 

 
Panhard SPHINX

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Panhard SPHINX

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Panhard SPHINX

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Panhard SPHINX

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Panhard SPHINX

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