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Nakpadon

Heavy armored personnel carrier

Nakpadon heavy APC

The Nakpadon heavy armored personnel carrier is a conversion of the Centurion MBT

 
 
Country of origin Israel
Entered service early 1990s
Crew 2 men
Personnel 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 47 - 55 t
Length ~ 8 m
Width ~ 3.4 m
Height ~ 3 m
Armament
Machine guns 3-4 x 7.62-mm
Grenade launcher 1 x 40-mm (optional)
Mortar 1 x 60-mm
Mobility
Engine AVDS 1790-6A diesel
Engine power 900 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 50 km/h
Range ~ 400 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.9 m
Trench 3.35 m
Fording 1.45 m

 

   The Nakpadon heavy Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) is a conversion of the Sho't Kal (upgraded Centurion) main battle tank. Israel operated a number of these out-dated tanks, however its performance could not match more modern MBTs. Furthermore Israel is constantly involved in counter-insurgency operations and needs better protected armored vehicles, than ones used with other countries. This led to the conversion of surplus tanks to the heavy APCs. The Nakpadon entered service with Israel Defense Forces in the early 1990s. However some sources report that only a small number of these armored vehicles were constructed.

   The Nakpadon can be seen as a radically improved Nagmashot, with even further increased armor, a pillbox-like addition to the superstructure, a much more powerful 900 hp engine, and many other new additions. A number of older Nagmashot heavy APCs were converted to this standard.

   The Nakpadon was intended for counter-insurgency operations. It is very well armored and weights about 47-55 t. It uses a mixture of passive armor and explosive reactive armor packages for better survivability. Belly armor was also reinforced for better protection against land mines. Compared to the earlier Centurion conversions the Nakpadon has superior protection. Its armor cannot be penetrated by multiple RPG-7V hits and 20-mm armor-piercing rounds. Similar converted heavy armored personnel carriers significantly reduced number of Israeli casualties during the conflicts.

   The Nakpadon has a crew of 2 and can carry 10 troops. Seats for the troops are located in the place, once occupied by the tank's turret.

   Vehicle is armed with three or four FN MAG 7.62-mm machine gun, single Mk.19 automatic grenade launcher, and a 60-mm mortar. Some heavy APCs were fitted with a 12.7-mm machine guns, but are rarely encountered. It is worth mentioning that externally mounted machine guns became a serious drawback of the Nakpadon, as weapon operators are very vulnerable to the sniper fire.

   This vehicle is powered by an AVDS 1790-6A diesel engine, developing 900 horsepower. The same engine was used on the Merkava Mk.1 main battle tank. Most likely that transmission and suspension were also upgraded. The Nakpadon lacks mobility, however the emphasis was stressed on crew protection and survivability rather than on speed.

   The Nakpadon heavy APC carries Shalgon jammer, intended to block radio signals, that are used to detonate roadside bombs.

   There is a version of the Nakpadon heavy APC, fitted with a large front entry hatch. Some sources report that this vehicle is called Nagmapuma or Pilon.

   Another conversion of the Centurion main battle tank was made in Jordan. It is known as the Temash heavy APC. Originally the Centurion has a rear powerpack arrangement. It became an issue for the designers in attempt to make troop compartment in the rear part of the vehicle. Jordanians found a simple solution and swapped front end of the vehicle with the rear. So the vehicle is driving backwards comparing with the original Centurion.

 

 
Nakpadon heavy APC

Nakpadon heavy APC

Nakpadon heavy APC

Nakpadon heavy APC

Nakpadon heavy APC

Nakpadon heavy APC

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