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Nagmachon

Heavy armored personnel carrier

Nagmachon heavy APC

The Nagmachon was one of the first modern heavy armored personnel carriers

 
 
Country of origin Israel
Entered service late 1980s
Crew 2 men
Personnel 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 52 t
Length 7.84 m
Width 3.38 m
Height ?
Armament
Machine guns 2 x 7.62-mm
Mobility
Engine Continental AVDS-1790-2A diesel
Engine power 750 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 45 km/h
Range ~ 185 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.9 m
Trench ~ 3.3 m
Fording ~ 1.5 m

 

   The Nagmashot is an Israeli heavy Armored Personnel Carrier (APC). It is an upgraded version of the Nagmashot with in turn is based on the upgraded Centurion main battle tank. The Nagmachon has increased armor protection and expanded superstructure comparing with the previous Nagmashot. A number of Nagmashots were converted into Nagmachons. It is unclear when exactly this vehicle was adopted by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). It seems that it was fielded in the late 1980s.

   The concept of modern heavy armored personnel carriers emerged from the 1982 Lebanon War, in which Israeli M113 APCs unexpectedly encountered heavy RPG and ATGM fire, and suffered very heavy losses. Israel Defense Forces wanted a more heavily-armored troop transport vehicle for assaulting heavily-defended strongpoints. Similar converted heavy armored personnel carriers significantly reduced Israeli casualties during the conflicts.

   The Nagmashot was the first modern heavy APC. However it appeared that it was not really suited for its intended role. The original Nagmashot lacked a rear door. Soldiers entering and leaving the vehicle had to clamber on top of it, where they were exposed to small arms fire and shrapnel. As a temporary solution Nagmashots (or early Nagmachons) were fitted with three additional shields with vision blocs over their superstructure. These gave some degree of protection for the soldiers, firing the machine guns. Afterwards this problem was further addressed on the Nagmachon by fitting a fully enclosed superstructure, sometimes called the dog house.

   A mixture of passive and explosive reactive armor was added for better survivability. Explosive reactive armor blocks were added over the side skirts. The Nagmachon received additional armor plating on the underside of the hull for mine protection. This upgrade allowed it to act as a engineering or minefield breaching vehicle. The Nagmachon can be fitted with several front-mounted devices, such as Nochri heavy mine roller system, mine ploughs or dozer blade. These gave the vehicle a limited capability to breach routes through minefields and booby-trapped areas to allow advance of other vehicles. However in the early 1990s in this role it was replaced by a dedicated PUMA minefield breaching vehicle. Instead the Nagmachon was repurposed for infantry carrying role and was used for counter-insurgency operations. These vehicles were used to escort Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozers and for patrolling in hostile areas and urban terrain.

   At some point cage armor was fitted over the superstructure. It provides protection against RPG rounds and guided missiles. Also vehicles were fitted with Shalgon jammer, intended to block radio signals, used to detonate roadside bombs. There are two banks with smoke grenade dischargers for self-defense.

   This heavy armored personnel carrier has a crew of 2. It can carry 10 troops. Seats for the dismounts are located in the space, once occupied by the tank turret.

   Armament of this heavy APC is limited to two FN MAG 7.62-mm general purpose machine guns. These are operated remotely from the enclosed superstructure. The gunners operate them without being exposed to enemy fire.

   The Nagmachon has the same engine as its predecessor and the Centurion MBT. It is powered by a Continental AVDS-1790-2A diesel, developing 750 hp. Suspension on most recent models has been reportedly upgraded. The main drawback of the Nagmachon was lack of mobility due to its heavy weight and relatively underpowered engine. However main emphasis of this vehicle was stressed on protection rather than mobility.

 

Variants

 

   Nagmapop surveillance vehicle, based on the Nagmachon. It can be identified by its large superstructure (similar to the one on the Nakpadon), and its towering collapsible antennae (when raised).

 

 
Nagmachon heavy APC

Nagmachon heavy APC

Nagmachon heavy APC

Nagmachon heavy APC

Nagmachon heavy APC


 
Nagmachon heavy APC

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