The MT-LB design is
simple and basic, but it is a highly adaptable vehicle
up to 11 men
Dimensions and weight
1 x 7.62-mm
YaMZ 238 V diesel
Maximum road speed
Amphibious speed on water
4 - 5 km/h
The MT-LB is
not really an APC, but an amphibious multi-purpose tracked carrier
which may be adapted to meet virtually any armored support vehicle
requirement. Its design is simple and basic but it has proved to be
in 1970, the MT-LB was originally employed as an artillery tractor
but is now rarely encountered in this role. Instead the MT-LB can
carry up to 11 troops in its main load-carrying compartment behind
the two-man crew compartment. It may be armed with a 7.62-mm MG,
positioned in a small commander turret. However, the MT-LB can
function as a front line load carrier for anything from ammunition
to fuel, or as a mobile platform for numerous weapon systems and
even as the basis for a self-propelled 122-mm howitzer.
One variant, the MT-LBV, has extra wide tracks for operations over
snow and soft terrain.
also light repair and recovery variant, 82- and 120-mm mortar
carriers, combat engineering, reconnaissance vehicle, battlefield
radar carriers, armored ambulances, air defense missile carriers,
command posts for all roles, NBC reconnaissance vehicles and so on.
The list seems endless and probably is.
series examples may suffice. In 1993 Sweden purchased some 800
former East German MT-LB carriers (at a very favorable price). Some
of these were modernized with about 200 being stripped down for
spares. Once updated these were used by the Swedish Army as command
vehicles, load carrier and to carry mortars and other weapons.
Swedish expertise has also been employed to mount a 40-mm Bofors gun
turret on a Polish license-produced MT-LB chassis for Polish Army
bigger variant of the MT-LB, with longer hull and more powerful
engine of the 2S1 Gvosdika 122-mm self-propelled howitzer;